In 1992, countries adopted the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as a response to the problem of global warming. Five years later, they adopted the Kyoto Protocol, which strengthens the Convention by setting legally binding emission reduction requirements for 37 industrialized countries. The ultimate objective of both treaties is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that will prevent dangerous human interference with the climate system.
The UNFCCC agenda item on “Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and approaches to stimulate action” was first introduced into the Conference of the Parties (COP) agenda at its eleventh session in Montreal (December 2005). This received wide support from Parties and there was general agreement on the importance of the issue in the context of climate change mitigation, particularly in light of the large contribution of emissions from deforestation in developing countries to global greenhouse gas emissions. The COP established a contact group on this item which drafted conclusions on initiating a process to address the issue of reducing emissions from deforestation. The COP has adopted a number of decisions on REDD+.
The UN-REDD Programme supports countries to develop the capacities to meet REDD+ related requirements of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) to receive results-based payments for results-based actions.
This support is focused on meeting the requirements of the “Warsaw Framework for REDD+”, a series of seven decisions adopted by the 19th Conference of the Parties (COP19) that build on previous UNFCCC-COP decisions.
Please see the links on this page for more UNFCCC REDD+ related information.
Frequently Asked Questions
- When did REDD+ first become a UNFCCC agenda item?
The agenda item on “Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries and approaches to stimulate action” was first introduced into the COP agenda at its eleventh session in Montreal (December 2005).
Several REDD+ related decisions have been made since UNFCCC COP13. These are all available here.
- What is the “Warsaw Framework for REDD+”?
The Warsaw Framework for REDD+ is a group of seven decisions agreed at UNFCCC COP19 in Warsaw in 2013. It includes guidance on main areas of REDD+ including: Forest reference emission levels and/or forest reference levels; measuring, reporting and verification; safeguard information systems; and national forest monitoring system. More information is available here.