Congo (the)

Country Area : 342,000 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 22,334

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: Yes

Readiness Grant Holder: Yes

Carbon Fund: Yes

The Republic of Congo (the Congo)  lies in the heart of the world's second-largest tropical forest basin. About two-thirds of the country’s land area is forested.

While deforestation rates in the country have been extremely low to date (less than 0.1%), the country is aware that economic globalization which encourages the expansion of the agriculture, bioenergy and extractive industry sectors, can take place to the detriment of the natural forestland. The Congo is actively seeking to undertake significant investment in order to prevent such risks and turn towards a Green Economy.

The Congo joined the UN-REDD Programme as Partner Country and observer to the Policy Board in February 2010, and had their UN-REDD National Programme endorsed in March 2012.

Forest cover change
The below forest cover change map of the Republic of Congo for the period 2000-2012 was created by the National Centre for Assessment and Management of Forest Resources and Wildlife (CNIAF) in collaboration with FAO technical assistance through the UN-REDD Programme. It builds on three existing products, which are combined to comply with the national forest definition. This map has been developed to serve a basis for the REDD+ process, including the calculation of the reference emission level, the national land use plan and other uses that require forest mapping. 

La carte de changement de couvert forestier en République du Congo pour la période 2000-2012 a été réalisée par le Centre National d’Inventaire et d’Aménagement des Ressources Forestières et Fauniques (CNIAF) avec l’assistance technique de la FAO à travers le Programme ONU-REDD. Elle est élaborée sur la base des trois produits existants,  de manière à respecter la définition nationale de la forêt. Cette carte a été élaborée pour servir de base au processus REDD+, notamment pour le calcul du Niveau des Emissions de Référence pour les Forêts, le plan national d’affectation des terres, et autres utilisations ayant un lien avec la cartographie forestière.

 

Carte CNIAFF Congo 2000 2012 hr sm

 

Progress against the Warsaw Framework for REDD+


National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan
The preliminary draft of the National REDD+ Strategy was validated by national stakeholders in December 2014
following consultations and workshops at the departmental and national level. Currently, major concerns expressed by international partners who support the REDD+ process in the Republic of Congo (UN-REDD and FCPF) are being integrated in the Strategy. High-level panels have begun the work of harmonization of the National REDD+ Strategy with sectoral strategies to consolidate the final version, and better integrate sectoral concerns in the REDD+ Investment Plan. The final version of the Strategy will be available in 2016.

National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS)
The Republic of Congo has initiated a broad consultative and technical process to further the MRV process in the country, building on existing national expertise in management and forest certification. The development of projects related to MRV has advanced, and a NFMS portal is now being developed; the first experimental version is awaiting national validation. The analysis and data processing for the National Forest Inventory (NFI) will be completed in early 2016. The Republic of Congo has further developed a new mapping system, combining the products from GAF-AG, Global Forest Change (GFC) and Forêts d’Afrique Centrale Évaluées par Télédétection (FACET), meeting the new definition for forests that was adopted
during a national workshop in March 2014. In addition, two capacity building workshops were held on Greenhouse Gas Inventory. Moreover, the Republic of Congo has submitted two national communications on NFMS to the UNFCCC, with a third communication currently being prepared. A beta version of the web portal has been introduced and is currently under construction for the country.

Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL)
To construct the FREL, an extensive data collection programme was launched at the national level that includes data for the period of 2000-2012, taking into account information on deforestation and degradation (logging, mining, agribusiness and infrastructure). All data was validated during a national workshop attended by officials of all relevant sectors in which the data was taken. The FREL has since been presented at COP21 in Paris, France, in December 2015. The final FREL, is to be validated at meetings in January 2016, with submission to the UNFCCC in January 2016.

Safeguards and Safeguards Information System (SIS)
Criteria and indicators for the national SIS have been identified following working group meetings and consultations with the responsible departments and validated at a national workshop. The adoption of those criteria and indicators is the first step in building the SIS, although it remains to be seen how carrying out field tests to ensure their consistency with national circumstances should best be done.

 

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Key Contacts

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Programme Officer - Congo Basin, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (PNUMA) (PNUE)
Forestry Department, Food and Agriculture Organizaton of the United Nations (FAO)

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Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 1,027,854
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 12.09.2012
Date of Approval 18.10.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 17
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 90,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
UNDP
 
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: CN REDD

Description: 

 

  1. National Coordination of REDD+ Team enhanced aiming to identify areas of legal reforms for REDD+ implementation.
  2. Corruption risks in the REDD+ process reduced.
  3. Gender dimensions and equity assessed and issues identified within the strategic options for REDD+ of potential options for equitable and transparent benefit distribution.

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 06.06.2014
Date of Approval 24.07.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 512,500
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministère de l’Environnement et du Développement Durable (MEDD)

Description: 

 

  1. Maintenance of current satellite monitoring team based at DIAF and running of the monitoring laboratory ensured.
  2. The web platform hosting the SNSF operationalized.
  3. The 1990 forest mask completed and change statistics produced.
  4. The pre-NFI completed and results analyzed and published.
  5. Existing information on biomass and carbon stocks collected, analyzed and published, and staff capacity enhanced on analysis[1].
  6. Enhanced capacity on NAI software.
  7. Enhanced capacity on GHG-I methodologies data archiving and institutional arrangements.
  8. Relevant MRV data collected and quality controlled for the purpose of the GHG-I.

 


[1] This also includes support on data sharing provided under the legal preparedness output (Output 2.3).

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 21.11.2014
Date of Approval 26.12.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 90,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNEP
 
Safeguards and Multiple Benefits
Green Economy and Private Sector

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: National REDD+ Coordination (CN-REDD), Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Tourism

Description: 

  1. The findings of the T21* report validated with a conclusion of the possible integration with the "White Paper" Vision 2035;
  2. The analytical work validated on the multiple benefits of REDD+ and conclusion on the integration with the NFMS and SIS;
  3. The national REDD+ standards revised and validated; 
  4. The elements of the national information system elements on safeguards (SIS) identified;
  5. The safeguards approach of the DRC presented at COP21.

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
4  
Date of Request 23.05.2015
Date of Approval 17.07.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 7
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 335,354
Amount Approved US$ 335,354
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

Description: 

Construct, develop and submit new FRELs of the DRC to UNFCCC at CoP 21 in Paris, December 2015:

1. Clarify the definition of forest.

2. Determine the regions and areas to be covered in the FREL.

3. Identify activities related to deforestation and historical deforestation rate due to those activities.

4. Centralize and harmonize the data on activities and best emission factors.

5. Study the historic emission factors and establish possible trends.

6. Develop an adjustment plan taking into consideration the anticipated population growth and planned land development.

  1. 1.   Définition de la forêt : clarifier certains éléments de la définition, notamment l’usage des terres et la catégorisation des plantations pérennes.
  2. 2.   Echelle : Déterminer les régions (provinces, territoires, biomes) qui feront partie du NERF,  en fonction de certains critères de sélection techniques et institutionnels
  3. 3.   Portée : a) Inclure les activités liées à la Déforestations.  b) Soumettre une estimation  des émissions historiques conservatrice des activités liées à la dégradation de la forêt.
  4. 4.   Données: Centraliser et harmoniser les données  d’activités et de  Facteurs d’émissions disponibles.
  5. 5.   Approche de construction: étudier les émissions historiques et établir les tendances possibles
  6. 6.   Ajustement: Développer un ajustement incluant certains facteurs notamment la croissance démographique anticipée, l’accessibilité et les plans de développement du territoire