Democratic Republic of the Congo (the)

Country Area : 2,344,858 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 152,578

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Targeted support, Tier 2

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: Yes

Readiness Grant Holder: Yes

Carbon Fund: Yes

DRC is located at the heart of the Congo Basin, home to the second largest tropical forest in the world. Aware of the great potential for REDD+ in the country, DRC has forged ahead with both the planning and implementation stages of REDD+ preparedness. The initial DRC National Programme, which helped launch and structure the country’s national REDD+ strategy, became a full National Programme (Readiness Plan) after being approved by the UN-REDD Programme Policy Board in March. DRC’s National Programme document was signed in October and funds were disbursed in November, marking the official launch of the country’s UN-REDD Programme.

As DRC’s National Programme is now underway, activities have moved from strategic planning to results, including the completion of key studies, testing of REDD+ pilot projects, training of personnel, knowledge-sharing at a regional level, the completion in-country consultation processes and the launch of the country’s first university curriculum on REDD+.

Progress against the Warsaw Framework for REDD+

Building on DRC’s results under the National Programme (completed in 2013) and ongoing Tier 2 activities, targeted support has been provided to the country on meeting specific support gaps in 2012-2015. Lately DRC was supported on SIS and a presentation of the country approach to safeguards at COP21, and on the submission to the UNFCCC of
the FREL/FRL draft methodology in time for COP21, including a demonstration activity with the Carbon Fund of FCPF. UN-REDD and FCPF have worked on a harmonized approach on the various REDD+ safeguards frameworks developed in DRC, clarifying how the national standards can be applied through REDD+ implementation. The country is also benefitting from the CBR+ initiative.

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan
Past targeted support led to a review of DRC’s legal framework in relation to REDD+ implementation with proposal of legal amendment to recognize eligible REDD+ projects. The National REDD+ process has included gender consideration, focusing on best practices in strategic sectors. A Gender Analysis on REDD+ was completed in December 2013.

National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS)
In 2015, targeted support helped finalize the forest cover change assessment for the 1990-2010 period. Additionally, the fieldwork of the pre-national forest inventory was completed, providing carbon estimates for about 50 sampling plots and covering most provinces of the country. Capacity has also been raised on GHG inventories through trainings and the GHG inventory database for the agriculture, forestry and other land use sector was updated. Work on institutional arrangements for enhancing data accessibility between institutions has resulted in the review of legal options to stimulate data sharing.

Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL)
In 2015, targeted support was provided for the development of the FREL/FRLs draft methodology for the DRC, which was presented during COP21. The forest cover change statistics were for the period 1990-2010 were finalized and new work was launched to include the years 2000 and 2014.

Safeguards and Safeguards Information System (SIS)
The country field tested in 2015 the social and environmental standards for REDD+ and final outcomes will be validated at a national workshop bringing together stakeholders from all the relevant sectors. A joint training by FCPF and the UN-REDD Programme on Social and Environmental Impact Assessments was an opportunity for the initiatives to work on a harmonized approach on the various REDD+ safeguards frameworks developed in DRC, clarifying how the national standards can be applied through REDD+ implementation. The national safeguards approach was presented at the Rio Conventions Pavilion at COP21. Targeted support also resulted in the finalization of a feasibility study for an economic valuation of REDD+ multiple benefits with steps agreed for integration of the studies’ results into the government’s 2035 strategy development. An expert meeting held on the revision of the REDD+ national standards, followed by training to develop and improve indicators for the standards.

CBR+
Following DRC’s approval of its CBR+ Country Plan, a series of local and national consultations and trainings were held, and the call for proposals issued in March 2015., the CBR+ National Steering Committee selected a first set of five CBR+ projects in July 2015 and a further eight projects were approved in November 2015. These projects focus on improving the understanding, engagement and participation of local communities and indigenous peoples in the REDD+ process. At the community level, the CBR+ grants are supporting practical activities including regeneration of degraded forest ecosystems, promotion of agroforestry and sustainable agricultural practices, distribution of stoves to reduce pressure on community forests from fuel wood collection; and participatory mapping to improve the sustainable management of community forests and help local communities secure their tenure.

 

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Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 1,027,854
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 12.09.2012
Date of Approval 18.10.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 17
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 90,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
UNDP
 
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: CN REDD

Description: 

 

  1. National Coordination of REDD+ Team enhanced aiming to identify areas of legal reforms for REDD+ implementation.
  2. Corruption risks in the REDD+ process reduced.
  3. Gender dimensions and equity assessed and issues identified within the strategic options for REDD+ of potential options for equitable and transparent benefit distribution.

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 06.06.2014
Date of Approval 24.07.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 512,500
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministère de l’Environnement et du Développement Durable (MEDD)

Description: 

 

  1. Maintenance of current satellite monitoring team based at DIAF and running of the monitoring laboratory ensured.
  2. The web platform hosting the SNSF operationalized.
  3. The 1990 forest mask completed and change statistics produced.
  4. The pre-NFI completed and results analyzed and published.
  5. Existing information on biomass and carbon stocks collected, analyzed and published, and staff capacity enhanced on analysis[1].
  6. Enhanced capacity on NAI software.
  7. Enhanced capacity on GHG-I methodologies data archiving and institutional arrangements.
  8. Relevant MRV data collected and quality controlled for the purpose of the GHG-I.

 


[1] This also includes support on data sharing provided under the legal preparedness output (Output 2.3).

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 21.11.2014
Date of Approval 26.12.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 90,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNEP
 
Safeguards and Multiple Benefits
Green Economy and Private Sector

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: National REDD+ Coordination (CN-REDD), Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Tourism

Description: 

  1. The findings of the T21* report validated with a conclusion of the possible integration with the "White Paper" Vision 2035;
  2. The analytical work validated on the multiple benefits of REDD+ and conclusion on the integration with the NFMS and SIS;
  3. The national REDD+ standards revised and validated; 
  4. The elements of the national information system elements on safeguards (SIS) identified;
  5. The safeguards approach of the DRC presented at COP21.

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
4  
Date of Request 23.05.2015
Date of Approval 17.07.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 7
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 335,354
Amount Approved US$ 335,354
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

Description: 

Construct, develop and submit new FRELs of the DRC to UNFCCC at CoP 21 in Paris, December 2015:

1. Clarify the definition of forest.

2. Determine the regions and areas to be covered in the FREL.

3. Identify activities related to deforestation and historical deforestation rate due to those activities.

4. Centralize and harmonize the data on activities and best emission factors.

5. Study the historic emission factors and establish possible trends.

6. Develop an adjustment plan taking into consideration the anticipated population growth and planned land development.

  1. 1.   Définition de la forêt : clarifier certains éléments de la définition, notamment l’usage des terres et la catégorisation des plantations pérennes.
  2. 2.   Echelle : Déterminer les régions (provinces, territoires, biomes) qui feront partie du NERF,  en fonction de certains critères de sélection techniques et institutionnels
  3. 3.   Portée : a) Inclure les activités liées à la Déforestations.  b) Soumettre une estimation  des émissions historiques conservatrice des activités liées à la dégradation de la forêt.
  4. 4.   Données: Centraliser et harmoniser les données  d’activités et de  Facteurs d’émissions disponibles.
  5. 5.   Approche de construction: étudier les émissions historiques et établir les tendances possibles
  6. 6.   Ajustement: Développer un ajustement incluant certains facteurs notamment la croissance démographique anticipée, l’accessibilité et les plans de développement du territoire