Bangladesh

Country Area : 147,570 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 1,429

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Targeted support

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: No

Readiness Grant Holder: No

Carbon Fund: No

Natural high forests all over Bangladesh have been depleted to an alarming extent, with these covering just 6% of the country’s land area in 2006. Yet Bangladeshi foresters are pioneers in mangrove afforestation and successfully established specialized plantation techniques for mangrove species.

After joining the UN-REDD Programme in 2010, the Government of Bangladesh established a national REDD+ Steering Committee and a REDD Cell. Between August 2011 and March 2012, the UN-REDD Programme supported these bodies in the development of a national REDD+ Readiness Roadmap, which included extensive national and sub-national consultations. The REDD+ Steering Committee endorsed the Roadmap in December 2012. By providing Targeted Support funds, the UN-REDD Programme is now supporting the implementation of some elements of the Roadmap, namely the development of an MRV Action Plan, capacity building for forest monitoring, an assessment of REDD+ corruption risks and the development of nationally-appropriate social safeguards.

The six main sections of the Bangladesh REDD+ Roadmap are:

  1. National REDD+ Readiness Management Arrangements
  2. Stakeholder consultation and participation
  3. Development and selection of REDD+ strategies
  4. Implementation framework (including resource distribution and safeguards)
  5. Development of the Reference Level for REDD+ against which performance will be measured (Reference Levels or Reference Emissions Levels, RLs/RELs)
  6. Development of the Monitoring and Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV) systems

 

Progress against the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ 

Prior to the country’s successful preparation of its NP, approved in 2014, initial targeted support assisted the country in implementing its REDD+ Readiness Roadmap by addressing corruption risks and building capacity on social impacts; to develop the MRV Action Plan and strengthening national REDD+ readiness. Additional targeted support is complementing the NP on capacity building of the GHG inventory and related institutional arrangements. Two USAID-funded projects, on NFI development and capacity building for the Ministry of Environment and Forests, are currently being implemented by FAO and contribute to the development of the NFMS. The NP was designed specifically to coordinate with these initiatives.

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan
In 2015,a REDD+ Integrity Study was completed, linking the NP and existing Climate Fund Management arrangements, outlining lessons learned and best practices on issues of transparency, representation, oversight, conflict of interest, complaints and redress, alignment across sectoral institutions and performance monitoring and evaluation.

National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS)
In 2015 targeted support facilitated the implementation of the MRV action plan. National consultation was held on Land Cover classification system and a strategy to integrate forest and land cover mapping activities was initiated. Institutional arrangements for the GHG National Inventory System are in place, data collection for GHG Inventory commenced and capacity for GHG inventory for the land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector was strengthened through trainings. Training on the Open Foris Collect Earth tool was held and NFI data was analyzed and models for forest and land cover change were prepared.

 

 

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Country Focal Points

Find up-to-date contact information for all UN-REDD Programme Country Focal Points here.

 

Key Contacts

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Regional Technical Advisor , United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)
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Regional Programme Officer, Food and Agriculture Organizaton of the United Nations (FAO)
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Regional Technical Specialist in Stakeholder Engagement Focus area: Stakeholder Engagement, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)
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Knowledge Management Specialist, UN-REDD Programme
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Regional Technical Advisor, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)

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Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 357,500
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 11.03.2012
Date of Approval 16.07.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 17
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 110,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNDP
 
Governance
Safeguards and Multiple Benefits

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) with a REDD cell created within the Forest Department.  

Description: 

Output 1a) Corruption risks assessment and effective mitigation measures completed.

Output 1 b) Social impacts assessed and effective mitigation measures completed.

Output 2) Completed REDD+ project document that aims to implement UNDP components of the REDD+ Roadmap.

Output 3) Resources mobilized and prorgamming opportunities explored with Forest Department promoting sustainable forest management.

 

 

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 02.01.2012
Date of Approval 02.01.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 8
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 37,500
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Forest Department.

Description: 

MRV Action Plan development.

FAO, please expand.

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 18.07.2012
Date of Approval 24.08.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 115,000
Amount Approved US$ 115,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: 

Description: 

Output 1: Technical capacity built for the GHG inventory for the LULUCF sector;

(Activities include: 1. Trainings on GHG inventory for the LULUCF

2. GIS for Forest Management

3. Remote Sensing for forest assessment and monitoring     

4. Training on National Forest Inventory and use field equipments

5. Training on allometric Equation development and biomass calculation

6. Develop the database of existing allometric equations

7. Organize consultations on national forest definition and provide recommendations on forest definitions)

Output 2. Institutional Arrangements in palce for GHG National Inventory System for the LULUCF sector;

(Activities include:

1) Assessment of the existing institutional arrangements (NFI, SFM, GHG Unit, sharing platform)

2) Propose institutional arrangement for effective implementation

3) Identify the role, organization, coordination mechanism and contact information for those providing relevant data for estimating emissions in LULUCF sector

4) Provide information on lead agencies, identify inventory management team members, Information for additional contacts for each sector, the status of the institutional arrangements in a concise tabular format

5) Identify policy support necessary for institutional arrangement and obtain govt. Approval (e.g. govt. Notification on institutional structure, role, mandate) for effective implementation

6) Identify the strengths in and recommend for potential Improvements in Management Structure of National Inventory System for LULUCF

+ Regular MRV meetings conducted

 

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
4  
Date of Request 25.05.2014
Date of Approval 16.07.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 1
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 95,000
Amount Approved US$ 95,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Forest Department.

Description: 

  • National discussionson NFMS/MRV system facilitated through regular meetings of MRV Working Group
  • Data collected for preparation of GreenhouseGas (GHG) inventory for the Land UseLand Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) Sector
  • Capacity built on geospatial data processing   and database management,  Land Cover   Classification System, IPCC guidelines, Data archiving and database   management, Forest Statistics, and Allometric Equations

 

In details:

Output 1: National stakeholders prepared for the   inception phase of the Bangladesh UN-REDD National Programme

Activity 1.1: Organisation of   regular MRV working group meetings and administrative support for REDD Cell   of FD

Activity 1.2: Support data   collection for the preparation of GHG inventory for the LULUCF sector

Activity 1.3: Facilitate data   sharing agreement between relevant institutions

Output 2: Capacity built on geospatial data processing   and database management

Activity 2.1: Training on Land   Cover Classification System

Activity 2.2: Training on data   archiving and database management

Output 3: Capacity built on GHG inventory for the   LULUCF sector

Activity 3.1: Training on   Forest Statistics

Activity 3.2: Training on   Allometric Equation generation, volume calculation and biomass assessment

Activity 3.3: Training on IPCC   guidelines, methodologies and software for emission calculation

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
5  
Date of Request 18.11.2014
Date of Approval 14.01.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 1
Status
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 0
UN Agency Providing Support
 

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: 

Description: