Argentina

Country Area : 2,780,400 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 27,112

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Targeted support

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: No

Readiness Grant Holder: No

Carbon Fund: No

Argentina’s native forests were estimated to cover more than 31 million hectares by a National Native Forest Inventory completed in 2005. However, between 1996 and 2011, more than four million ha of forests were lost. The rate of this loss is increasing, and in the past decade the deforestation rate amounted to 1.22%. The main deforestation hotspots are in the Parque Chaqueño and Selva Misionera ecosystems in the north; with serious degradation in the Yungas and the Patagonian Andean forests.

Action to reduce deforestation is demonstrated through the approval by National Congress of two acts: (1) Act 26331 on Minimal Standards for Native Forest Environmental Protection at the end of 2007; and (2) rules of procedure under National Decree 91.

Argentina became a Partner Country of the UN-REDD Programme in October 2009 and has since developed a Roadmap which sets out how the REDD+ Readiness activities will be implemented. The Roadmap has four components:

  1. Drafting of a REDD+ National Strategy (REDD+ NS)

  2. Establishment of the National Forest Reference Emissions Level

  3. Strengthening of the National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS)

  4. Development of a Safeguard Information System (SIS)

The UN-REDD Programme will be implemented in coordination with several initiatives related to the Forest Act; with other forest management-related national activities; and with other agencies and international cooperation programmes, e.g. the World Bank's Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF).

Progress against the Warsaw Framework for REDD+

Initial targeted support assisted the country to strengthen national capacities for forest monitoring and incorporate environmental and social safeguards for REDD+ which was, followed by the country’s successful preparation of its National Programme, approved in 2014. 

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan 
Progress was made in the development of specific technical assessments to identify and analyze priority REDD+ actions in Argentina and for designing the National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan implementation framework. These technical assessments include: 1) Opportunity costs related to the implementation of REDD+ in Argentina; 2) Legal and institutional aspects for REDD+ financing; 3) The design of a financial structure for REDD+; and 4) Private sector involvement in forest conservation and REDD+. Additionally, Argentina has made progress in the development of a roadmap for integrating gender into National Programme and developed a preliminary plan for multistakeholder involvement and participation. 

National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS) 
Through complementary NP and targeted support activities, Argentina’s NFMS web dissemination platform was officially launched by the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development. The platform includes information on forest maps, social issues, environmental safeguards and a register of REDD+ activities in the country. Capacities to administer and maintain the platform have also been strengthened within the MADS and in selected pools of the Ministry of Agriculture and Universities. 

The platform will be used as a tool for transparency and public information in meeting the legal requirements and for feedback from different actors. Argentina already has a satellite monitoring system in place (1998), has completed its first national forest inventory (2005) and has submitted a GHG inventory to the UNFCCC at the end of 2015. Work is currently underway in designing the second national forest inventory for the country as well as its Biennial Update Report (BUR) to the UNFCCC.

Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL)
The NP has helped identify the required background information and data required for the construction of the FREL/FRL as well as supported the establishment of a technical working group tasked with constructing the FREL/FRL. Additionally, a training was held where 23 experts (13 women and 10 men) were trained on the technical requirements and steps for the submission of the FREL/FRL to the UNFCCC. Through this process a roadmap for the development of the FREL/FRL for national and sub- national levels was completed. Lastly, the REDD+ Readiness Unit (UOP) supported the development of a preliminary reference level for the Misiones province which was undertaken as a methodological exercise.

Safeguards and Safeguards Information System (SIS)
Through the NP, Argentina is establishing a Safeguards Working Group (SWG) consisting of key actors and specialists in environmental law, conservation and biodiversity and indigenous people’s rights. The SWG aims to promote transparency and anti-corruption in the forestry sector and also strengthen the governance and participation processes. It was agreed that baseline studies on the legal requirements and institutional gaps to addressing and respecting the REDD+ safeguards were to be undertaken. Initial targeted support has also assisted to ensure that both environmental and social safeguards for REDD+ Programme are incorporated, through a review of the UN-REDD Programme and FCPF approaches.

 

 

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Key Contacts

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United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)
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Forestry Officer for UN-REDD Programme, Food and Agriculture Organizaton of the United Nations (FAO)

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Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 191,512
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 02.03.2012
Date of Approval 20.11.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 1
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 198,400
Amount Approved US$ 191,512
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
UNEP
 
MRV and Monitoring
Governance
Stakeholder Engagement
Safeguards and Multiple Benefits
Green Economy and Private Sector
Knowledge Management

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: FAO: Secretaría de Ambiente y Desarrollo Sustentable de la Nación (SAyDS) /Subsecretaría de Planificación y Política Ambiental / Dirección de Bosques/ Unidad de Manejo del Sistema de Evaluación Forestal (UMSEF).

Description: 

1. Technical capacities to develop and implement one NFMS components strengthened i.e. the web dissemination platform[1] of the NFMS:

  • Staff involved with monitoring of natural forest familiarized with UNFCCC requirements and decisions about the NFMS for REDD+.
  • Strengthened technical capacities for the development, implementation and maintenance of the NFMS web dissemination Platform.
  • Advance on a beta version of the NFMS web dissemination platform.

2. Environmental and social safeguards for REDD+ Programme incorporated.


[1]  “the Platform”, helping the country in its REDD+ preparedness process.

 

 

 

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 28.08.2013
Date of Approval 13.09.2013
Implementation Period (Months) 1
Status
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 0
UN Agency Providing Support
 

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: 

Description: 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 07.08.2014
Date of Approval 29.08.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 1
Status
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 0
UN Agency Providing Support
 

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: 

Description: