Cambodia

Country Area : 181,035 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 9,457

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Targeted support

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: Yes

Readiness Grant Holder: Yes

Carbon Fund: Yes

Cambodia is considered to be a country with a relatively high level of forest cover but with a high deforestation rate. Forest cover totalled 10.094 million ha in 2010, covering nearly 57% of land area (FRA 2010), but 2.850 million ha of forest were lost between 1990 and 2010. The principal causes of deforestation mainly relate to institutional and governance issues and the fast rate of national development. Evidence suggests that the main driver of deforestation is currently large-scale agro-industrial expansions.

Cambodia received funding for a full UN-REDD Country Programme in 2011. Prior to this, the country had already prepared a REDD+ Readiness Roadmap. The Country Programme focuses on effective management of the REDD+ Readiness process and stakeholder engagement, development of the National REDD+ Strategy and Implementation framework, improved capacity to manage REDD+ at sub-national levels; and design of a monitoring system.

As the predominant source of Readiness funding for Cambodia, the UN REDD National Programme has been designed to support implementation of the Roadmap, in particular with activities under four components:

Component 1: National REDD+ Readiness Management arrangements and stakeholder consultation (Sections 1 and 2 of the Roadmap).

Component 2: National capacity-building towards development of the REDD+ strategy and implementation framework (Sections 3 and 4 of the Roadmap).

Component 3: Subnational REDD+ capacity-building and demonstration (Subnational activities found in Sections 2-6 of the Roadmap)

Component 4: Support to development of the Monitoring system (Sections 5 and 6 of the Roadmap).

The roadmap also included an assessment of land use, drivers of land-use change and forest governance. A multi-agency REDD+ Taskforce was established to oversee the roadmap development and to coordinate REDD+ related activities at the national level. Subsequently, Cambodia has received funding for a UN-REDD National Programme as well as funding through the FCPF and support from Japan and others. The UN-REDD inception process was completed at the end of 2011 and the Programme is now being implemented. Key results and achievements of the UN-REDD National Programme in Cambodia.

Progress against the Warsaw Framework for  REDD+

Since the country’s successful preparation of its NP, approved in 2012, targeted support has responded to evolving support gaps in the country’s REDD+ efforts. The country is also benefiting from the CBR+ initiative. The following achievements are from the targeted support and CBR+ initiative. Achievements as a result of the NP can be found in the NP Final Report (here).

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan
Supplementary targeted support to the NP has supported the strengthening of the Community Networks (Forestry, Fisheries and Protected Area Networks and the Indigenous Peoples Network) to participate fully and effectively in the REDD + efforts; and women effectively included into management of the REDD+ readiness process. In 2015, the National inter-ministerial Gender Group ensured strategic gender considerations were integrated into the draft National Strategy and undertook awareness raising activities, including workshops on gender and REDD+ for technical teams and the REDD+ Consultation Group and radio talk shows at “Women’s Media Centre of Cambodia (WMC)”.

Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL)
Targeted support is being provided on strengthening capacity for the development of the FREL/FRL and on a one-off regional event to facilitate dialogue and information exchange between Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal and Viet Nam on FREL/ FRL development as they begin to interact with UNFCCC. 

CBR+
In addition, following the approval by Cambodia’s National Steering Committee for CBR+, 13 projects are starting up aiming at strengthening community forest management committees, conserving and restoring community forests, supporting communities to secure title to forests they manage, and promoting sustainable livelihoods to reduce deforestation. Of the grants committed to date, 18% have been allocated directly to indigenous organization, and two additional grants to NGOs that directly support indigenous peoples. So far 90 communities and local NGOs have received training on REDD+ and/or project design and management, and the CBR+ grantees continue to receive technical support from the SGP Cambodia Country Team. Lessons learned from CBR+ projects will inform the development of a national REDD+ action plan.

 

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Events Calendar

Events for the year :
2016
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Country Focal Points

Find up-to-date contact information for all UN-REDD Programme Country Focal Points here.

 

Key Contacts

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Regional Programme Officer, Food and Agriculture Organizaton of the United Nations (FAO)
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Regional Technical Specialist in Stakeholder Engagement Focus area: Stakeholder Engagement, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)
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Knowledge Management Specialist, UN-REDD Programme
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Regional Technical Specialist, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)

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Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 200,000
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 23.10.2013
Date of Approval 01.11.2013
Implementation Period (Months) 2
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 10,000
Amount Approved US$ 10,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNDP
 
Stakeholder Engagement

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Forestry Administration, Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

Description: 

  1.  Community Forestry Network, Community Fishery Network, and Community Protected Area Network strengthened so that they can participate in REDD readiness process.
  2. Assessment expanded of awareness-raising needs among members of these 3 networks.  
  3. Awareness and capacity enhanced of the 3 networks regarding REDD+ and REDD+ readiness.
  4. Representatives of these 3 networks in the REDD Consultation.
  5. Group identified and information and feedback mechanisms establised with their respective groups

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 21.05.2014
Date of Approval 27.06.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 10
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 65,000
Amount Approved US$ 65,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNDP
 
Stakeholder Engagement

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Cambodia REDD+ Taskforce Secretariat.

Description: 

  1. Stakeholders provided with REDD+ information, and awareness raised through various means of communications[1].
  2. Women effectively included into management of the REDD+ readiness process. By March 2015, draft strategy adequately reflects gender perspectives. 

[1] By the end of 2016, average awareness raised by specified amounts over baseline values, especially for the stakeholder groups having the lowest awareness in 2013.

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 09.02.2015
Date of Approval 07.04.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 11
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 125,000
Amount Approved US$ 125,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Forestry Administration

Description: 

The main objective of the support requested is
to strengthen capacity for development of the FREL/REL in Cambodia, and
facilitate dialogue and exchange of information between Cambodia, Indonesia,
Malaysia, Nepal and Viet Nam on FREL/FRL development as they begin to interact
with UNFCCC

Expected results:

Enhanced capacity to develop and submit a FREL/REL to the UNFCCC.

Enhanced exchange between Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal and Viet Nam on FREL/ FRL development.