Ecuador

Country Area : 256,369 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 12,547

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Targeted support

FCPF Member : No

Active FCPF Grant Holder: No

Readiness Grant Holder: No

Carbon Fund: No

Ecuador has approximately 10 million hectares of diverse forest types covering approximately 55 per cent of the country. Ecuador’s Ministry of Environment estimates that the deforestation rate is 61,764 hectares per year. In order to reverse forest loss, Ecuador is carrying out a series of initiatives to reduce deforestation in the country as part of good governance of forest resources and to simultaneously contribute to climate change mitigation by reducing GHG emissions related to this activity.

The UN-REDD Programme welcomed Ecuador as a partner country in October 2009, and approved a US$ 4 million funding allocation to Ecuador’s National Programme in March 2011.

Progress against the Warsaw Framework for REDD+

Building on Ecuador’s results under the National Programme (completed in 2014), targeted support has been provided to meet specific support gaps emerging by time. Being a country in an advanced stage of its REDD+ readiness phase, support is being provided to assist the country to enter the implementation phase of REDD+ activities for results based finance. The coordination with other funding sources and national and global initiatives is a high priority.

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan
Support for the finalization of the draft National Action Plan and the associated implementation including a financial architecture was approved in 2015 and is in implementation phase. In 2016, this targeted support will allow Ecuador to submit its REDD+ Action Plan to the UNFCCC. By doing so Ecuador will fulfil one of the four pillars of REDD+ Readiness. Additionally, Ecuador developed and finalized gender capacity-building, issue-diagnosis and mainstreaming tools to catalyze gender responsive action REDD+ implementation.

Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL)
Ecuador developed and submitted its FREL/FRL to UNFCCC, with targeted support from the Programme. The first draft of the Technical Annex of REDD + for the Biennial Report Update (BUR) was also developed and technically supported.

National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS)
The country progress on institutional arrangements for structuring the National GHG Inventory System and the National GHG inventory system was designed (estimates for Agriculture and LULUFC 2010 base year in the GHG inventory). The allometric models methodology was developed and progress was made on defining process to systematize all the information developed during the NP phase. They attended several trainings on SLMS, indicating a clearly high level of technical capacity on remote sensing in-country.

Safeguards and Safeguards Information System (SIS)
Following the completed NP, a targeted support is assisting the country to progress on its safeguards subcomponent of the national REDD+ strategy. Goals, indicators and expected results, and actions to promote and respect safeguards and to implement the SIS were identified, such as:

  • Safeguards criteria and SIS information requirements for REDD+ implementation instruments related to institutional, legal, policy and finance frameworks were identified and adjusted.
  • Mapping of existing national information systems relevant to SIS report/development of the Summary of information (SoI) was updated which is vital for completing development and initiating implementation of the SIS, including institutional arrangements for its operation.
  • Technical meetings and workshops focused on collecting recommendations for addressing and respecting safeguards during implementation of national REDD+ strategy.
  • Progress made on the development and revision of SIS communications documents and linkages of safeguards with other REDD+ processes.

In 2016, this targeted support will allow Ecuador to submit its summary of information directly to the UNFCCC REDD+ Web Platform. By doing so Ecuador will fulfil one of the four pillars of REDD+ Readiness.

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Country Focal Points

Find up-to-date contact information for all UN-REDD Programme Country Focal Points here.

 

Key Contacts

Technical assistant for the coordination of the UN-REDD programme Paraguay
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Consultant REDD, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (PNUMA) (PNUE)
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Regional Technical Advisor (REDD), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)

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Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 1,499,100
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 20.08.2014
Date of Approval 08.09.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 225,800
Amount Approved US$ 225,800
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Mininstry of Environment through the Undersecretariat of Climate Change.

Description: 

  1. M&MRV process for emission reductions developed and implemented  in consistence with the Forest Reference Emission Level (currently under development) and the GHG Inventories.
  2. GHG Inventory system established.

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 24.11.2014
Date of Approval 14.01.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 17
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 528,200
Amount Approved US$ 528,200
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
UNDP
 
Governance
Stakeholder Engagement
Safeguards and Multiple Benefits

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment through the Under Secretariat of Climate Change

Description: 

Outcome: Ecuador implements it national REDD+ strategy - and action plan - and relevant processes under the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ in the context of results based payments.

Output 1.1 National REDD+ Strategy, and its action plan, in the context of REDD+ results based payments and in consistency with national objectives and priorities and relevant decisions under the UNFCCC, completed and implemented.

Output 1.2 Institutional, policy, legal and financial framework for the implementation of a National REDD+ Strategy and its action plan established and strengthened.

Output 1.3 System for providing information on how safeguards have been addressed and respected completed and implemented for the development of summaries of information on safeguards.

 

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 24.04.2015
Date of Approval 10.06.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 14
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 150,000
Amount Approved US$ 150,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNEP
 
Green Economy and Private Sector

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment / Ministerio del Ambiente

Description: 

 

1. Implementation mechanisms designed and validated for the Action Plan of the REDD + strategy.
- At least one MyA prioritized for strategic option 'increase value in the forest designed.
- At least a prioritized MyA for strategic 'Transition to sustainable systems option designed.

 

2.  Implementation of a financial architecture to implement the Action Plan REDD +
activities:
- Implementation of the strategy of financing REDD +
- Proposal for supplementary financing mechanisms (including finance and investment opportunities and / or co-financing.


#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
4  
Date of Request 02.07.2015
Date of Approval 27.07.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 14
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 595,100
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment

Description: 

 

1. Support to NFMS for the measurement, monitoring and reporting of emission reductions achieved through REDD+ activities.

 

  • The National Monitoring and MRV processes for REDD+ implemented.

  • Monitoring protocols to identify the performance of measures and local actions (under the National REDD+ Action Plan), designed and implemented.

     

    2. Support to the GHG Inventory System for the agriculture and LULUCF sections design and implementation.

     

 

  • The 2010 GHG inventory developed and GHG inventories of previous years for the agriculture and LULUCF sectors updated.

  • A software tool for the GHG inventories system (agriculture and LULUCF sectors) designed and implemented.