Country Area : 330,957 km2
Forested Area (1000 ha) : 14,773
UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes
Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Targeted support, Tier 2
FCPF Member : Yes
Active FCPF Grant Holder: Yes
Readiness Grant Holder: Yes
Carbon Fund: Yes
According to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD), forests occupied 13.1 million ha (38.7% of land area) at the end of 2008, including 10.3 million ha of natural forests and 2.8 million ha of plantation forests. Forest types in Vietnam are categorized into three types: Special-use Forest (2.1 million ha or 15.7% of total forest area), Protection Forest (4.7 million ha or 36.1% of total forest area) and Production Forest (6.2 million ha or 48.2% of total forest area). Despite an overall increase in forest area to 12.6 million ha in 2006 (37% of land area) from 9.2 million ha in 1992, various regions of Viet Nam – including the Central Highlands, the Central Coast and the East of southern region – still have high rates of deforestation.
Forestry and REDD+ in Viet Nam
Viet Nam was one of the original UN-REDD Programme “pilot” countries. The UN-REDD Programme has assisted the Government of Viet Nam in establishing a national REDD+ Network, where various stakeholders come together to coordinate REDD+ related issues.
The factors driving deforestation/degradation have changed throughout the course of recent history. In the period 1943-1993, it was mostly a result of war and agricultural expansion by people migrating into forested areas. Currently, the main direct causes of deforestation are generally agreed to be: (i) conversion to agriculture (particularly to industrial perennial crops); (ii) unsustainable logging (notably illegal logging); (iii) infrastructure development; and (iv) forest fires.
Viet Nam actively aims to promote forest conservation, preserve forest resources and reduce land degradation by enhancing institutional capacity, and applying sustainable forest management. Such management is guided by the Forest Protection and Development Law (2004) and the Land Law (2013) that are implemented and enforced by MARD and the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE). Similarly, the People’s Committees at all levels exercise the state management over forest protection and development in their respective communities. The Forest Protection and Development Law stipulates both technical and institutional arrangements for forest management, protection and development, including the roles and responsibilities of the state and the forest owners. Based on this law, the People’s Committee of each province prepares and implements a Forest Protection and Development Plan (FPDP) every year. In addition, FPDPs are consistent with the Land Law, which guides the land use planning process in the provinces for appropriate land management and reducing land degradation. Taking those into account, Viet Nam has adopted a decentralized mechanism for forest protection and management and forests are allocated or contracted to different entities based on the management objectives (i.e. Forest Protection and Management Boards, state-owned forest companies, community groups, People’s Committees).
In October 2015, Viet Nam submitted its Intended National Determined Contribution (INDC) to the UNFCCC in advance of COP21 in Paris. Viet Nam has agreed to reduce 8% of its GHG emissions (adding up to about 25% if international support is to be received), and to increase forest cover to an overall level of 45% of the total land area. Furthermore, Viet Nam has integrated its REDD+ activities under INDC focus 6 ‘Manage and develop sustainable forest, enhance carbon sequestration and environmental services; conservation of biodiversity associated with livelihood development and income generation for communities and forest-dependent people’.
The Phase I Viet Nam National Programme had the three main outcomes:
Phase II of the Viet Nam National Programme was signed with Norway in December 2012 and began implementation in 2013 with a budget of US$ 30 million. It builds on the key achievements and results of the Phase I programme. It is designed to reduce emissions in six provinces, working with provincial, district and commune authorities, local communities and the private sector, with the objective to "enhance Viet Nam’s ability to benefit from future results-based payments for REDD+ and undertake transformational changes in the forestry sector”, with a focus on “the implementation of national policies, measures and national strategies or action plans that could involve further capacity-building, technology development and transfer and results-based demonstration activities”. View all Viet Nam Phase II documents here.
Support under the Warsaw Framework for REDD+
Apart from the National Programme that was finalized in June 2012, leading to Tier 2 support, the country received targeted support in the past on a Participatory Governance Assessment and Institutional and Context Analysis to inform further support and implementation. In addition, a National REDD+ Academy Event was held in 2015. Information here.
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Key Country Documents
Key Recommended Resources
All Recent Documents
Country Focal Points
Find up-to-date contact information for all UN-REDD Programme Country Focal Points here.
Social Media Feeds
Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 241,000
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Lead National Institution:
PGA for REDD+ undertaken
- Management and implementation structures of PGA established through stakeholders’ input and participation.
- More thorough mappings of both stakeholders and existing forest governance initiatives undertaken.
- Possibly, depending on stakeholders views on the scope of the PGA, more provincial and district consultations held first two quarters of 2012.
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Lead National Institution: Forestry Administration
The main objective of the support requested is
to strengthen capacity for development of the FREL/REL in Cambodia, and
facilitate dialogue and exchange of information between Cambodia, Indonesia,
Malaysia, Nepal and Viet Nam on FREL/FRL development as they begin to interact
Enhanced capacity to develop and submit a FREL/REL to the UNFCCC.
Enhanced exchange between Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal and Viet Nam on FREL/ FRL development.