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As Bangladesh kicks off its recently endorsed National Programme, we look back and towards the future at the REDD+ progress made in the country.

In August 2010, Bangladesh became a UN-REDD Programme partner country. The following year the country held its first public consultations with support from UNDP and FAO, and began drafting its REDD+ Readiness Roadmap, which was approved in 2012. Subsequently, Bangladesh's Readiness Preparation Proposal (R-PP) was approved in 2013. The R-PP gave rise to formulation of two initiatives: (1) the Strengthening National Forest Inventory and Satellite Land Monitoring System in support of REDD+ project (NFI), and (2) the UN-REDD Bangladesh National Programme (NP). The NFI project was approved in December 2015 and UN-REDD National Programme was endorsed in June 2016.

Since that time, the NFI project made progress in terms of harmonization of the land cover/use information across national agencies, development of soil carbon maps derived from national and global datasets, and database development of over 500 emission factors. On-going initiatives include the development of a Geo-portal which will enable the country to make available spatial information on land cover, forest and/or no-forest area and changes over time; and the development of the Bangladesh Forest Information System, allowing access to non-spatial tabular data and archiving system of activity data.

Development of an activity data database is also currently underway as an initiative of the NP, involving analyzing satellite imagery and historical assessments of land cover change.  A multipurpose Bangladesh Forest Inventory (BFI) has been designed and will commence implementation in October 2016. Field testing of the draft design is currently being conducted in five zones, by three universities.

 
BD1
 BD2
  Photo Credit: The UN-REDD National Programme, Bangladesh


While methodologies and key systems are being developed, several training events have taken place on GHG inventories for the Land use, land-use change and forestry (LULUCF) sector, integration of remote sensing applications for monitoring forest cover, gains and losses and integration with land cover mapping and the national forest inventory, and allometric equation development. The two projects also supported the Third National Communication in providing activity data and emission factors, and supporting the classification system and documentation.

On the policy side, the UN-REDD National Programme team successfully facilitated self-selection of representatives from Indigenous People (IP) institutions and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) for the Programme Executive Board (PEB). The first meeting of the PEB was held in August. On the same date, the NP was officially launched with the participation of around 150 stakeholders. The REDD Cell members were also updated on the activities of the two initiatives.

The National Programme will commence several studies in coming months, including stakeholder analysis and mapping, and analysis of drivers of deforestation and degradation. The NP is also working to raise awareness by drafting awareness materials. With these activities, the NP will establish a strong footing towards REDD+ readiness in the country. 


 

To learn more about the UN-REDD Programme in Bangladesh, click here.

 

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