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The UN-REDD Programme will support Chile over the next four years to implement measures to reduce deforestation and forest degradation, increase the country's carbon sinks and help Chile move towards payments for environmental services to small and medium-sized forest owners interested in maintaining their native forests.

The UN-REDD Programme will work with the country to support the strengthening of an integrated forest monitoring and evaluation system, and the implementation of new forest management models for the direct action measures included in the National Strategy for Climate Change and Vegetative Resources (ENCCRV).

It will also support the strengthening of the National Forest Corporation (CONAF) and other entities to meet the requirements of UNFCCC, while aligning these actions with the country's commitment combat desertification and land degradation, while reducing droughts.

Last year, Chile's Council of Ministers for Sustainability (CMS) approved the ENCCRV, which was formulated with the support of the UN-REDD Programme. This strategy aims to reduce social, environmental and economic vulnerability associated with climate change. It also addresses the effects of desertification, land degradation and drought on vegetation resources, as well as on vulnerable communities. The strategy focuses on increasing the resilience of ecosystems and contributing to mitigating climate change by reducing the country's greenhouse gas emissions.

On the forest monitoring and evaluation system, cooperation will focus on obtaining improved protocols to provide information on emissions and removals related to forest carbon reserves and carbon stock changes in forests, while making changes in forest areas transparent and consistent over time.

This will complement the work already done by CONAF – where forest carbon emissions and removals were estimated for 5 regions of the country. This was reviewed by a panel of UNFCCC experts, and helped, where forest carbon emissions and removals were estimated for 5 regions of the country. This in turn contributed to clarify the monitoring that needs to be carried out by Chile on the level of compliance of the forest goal that the country has committed through its Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). This NDC became even more relevant after the ratification of the Paris Agreement this year by Chile's National Congress.



Ensuring consistency with UNFCCC guidelines and other national and international requirements, reports on emission reduction and capture will also be generated on the results of ENCCRV implementation projects and other mitigation actions.

In relation to new forest management models, two results will be sought. The first would be to implement management models with activities that increase carbon stocks and the provision of other environmental services through the connectivity of the landscape. This also covers the acceleration of restoration processes in post-fire forested areas and in areas with an exotic invasive species (beavers).

Secondly, progress will be made in the design and pilot-testing of a payments for ecosystem services (PES) scheme, through the Environmental Forest Fund (FFA), which is expected to become a financial tool in the medium-to-long term that supports the implementation of measures and goals set forth in the ENCCRV.
With relation to the strengthening of CONAF and other entities to meet the requirements of the UNFCCC, national and regional teams will be revamped with the focus of implementing the ENCCRV. A Safeguards Information System (SIS) will also be designed and implemented to address environmental and social safeguards.

Cooperation between UN-REDD and Chile will cover projects in four regions of the country: Magallanes, La Araucanía, Metropolitana and Coquimbo. The objective of these initiatives will be to reduce deforestation and land degradation. The results are expected to provide guidelines for proper implementation of the ENCCRV, which will enable Chile to meet its commitments to the Paris Agreement.

Projects to be implemented:
1. Region of Magallanes and Chilean Antarctic: Restoration of ecological processes and the forest stratum in areas affected and abandoned by beaver in Tierra del Fuego.
2. Region of La Araucanía: Post-fire restoration in the Andean foothills of the Region of La Araucanía and Project of the Quinquén indigenous community.
3. Coquimbo Region: Development of a socio-environmental investment model for the restoration of semi-arid lands in Chile. The project also has support from the Initiative for Iniciativa de Restauración Ecológica Forestal.
4. Metropolitan Region: Sustainable forest management programme in a semi-arid micro-basin as a climate change adaptation measure and contribution to desertification, land degradation and drought.