Showing 73 result(s) for:
Tags: Knowledge Management
12 December 2019
English

Viet Nam Infobrief Series: Viet Nam’s approach to safeguards

uploaded by Leona Liu

*This is part of a series of info briefs produced in 2019 on the main lessons learned from Viet Nam's National REDD+ Programme 

REDD+ has the potential to deliver social and environmental benefits that go beyond mitigating climate change, but REDD+ actions could also entail some potential risks. In order to minimize these risks, and at the same time enhance the potential benefits, seven safeguards, known as the “Cancun safeguards” (See Box 1) are in place that must be addressed and respected throughout the implementation of REDD+ actions.

At the end of 2018, the Government of Viet Nam completed two key United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) requirements relating to safeguards: it submitted its first summary of information on safeguards, outlining how the country will address and respect the safeguards throughout REDD+ implementation, and also released an online safeguards information systems (SIS). Viet Nam became the first country in the Asia-Pacific region to complete the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ after fulfilling these safeguards requirements, which now make the country eligible to receive REDD+ results-based payments.

12 December 2019
English

Viet Nam Infobrief Series: Medicine from the forest - Medicine for the forest

uploaded by Leona Liu

Traditional therapeutic medicine in Viet Nam has a long history. Treatments based on medicinal plants are still often used in addition to, or even instead of, allopathic medicine by many Vietnamese. Viet Nam is home to an estimated 12,000 species of high-value plants, of which 10,500 have been identified. Approximately 36 percent of those are known to have medicinal properties. Herbal and aromatic plants are used to make soaps, bath solutions and medicines, such as balms for pain relief, and also supply modern pharmaceutical production chains. 

Since the mid-1990s, several once-abundant medicinal plants have been threatened with extinction from over-exploitation. In this respect, Viet Nam’s experience is similar to that of many other countries in the region, such as with blueberries in Mongolia and gaharu (agarwood or aloeswood) in Indonesia in the early 1990s. In Lao Cai and neighboring provinces, many fresh and processed products are sold domestically and to the Chinese markets just across the border, and demand is growing. As a result, what used to take the women only a few hours to collect, now requires several days of searching in the forests. Although Viet Nam has tremendous potential as a grower and producer of herbal medicine, it has gone from being an exporter to an importer of medicinal materials. 

Communities have become aware of the effects of forest destruction and over-exploitation and the dangers the “green goldmine” is facing. In 2017, Prime Minister Nguyễn Xuân Phúc urged government agencies and actors nationwide to develop measures to protect and promote traditional herbal medicines. He affirmed that such medicines are a treasure of the country, which can contribute to poverty reduction. He asked for solutions to tackle challenges in value and marketing chains, lower risks of extinction of many rare herbal plants, and careful use of advanced technology. 

Alliances by non-government organizations (NGO), Forest Protection Departments and local pharmaceutical companies have responded to the call for action. Jointly with local people, they have developed species and area management plans, enhanced capacities and benefit flows from the forest to the people. These initiatives are supported by, and aligned with, the new Forestry Law of 2017. This Law specifically prioritizes forest allocation to ethnic communities who have customary use of forests and recognizes communities as forest owners for the first time. The alliances have also helped to set up cooperatives to assist in the marketing of products. 

When the UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Programme launched its pilot activities in Lao Cai province, it was the “green goldmine” that connected the issues of forest carbon, local livelihoods and forest land tenure, presenting a promising formula for sustainable forest management. 

12 December 2019
English

Viet Nam Infobrief Series: Interprovincial collaboration in Viet Nam- Plugging loopholes in forest law enforcement

uploaded by Leona Liu

*This is part of a series of info briefs produced in 2019 on the main lessons learned from Viet Nam's National REDD+ Programme 

While Viet Nam’s forest area has increased steadily over the last 30 years, forest degradation and deforestation in hotspots continue. The direct and indirect causes of these trends are diverse and complex. One indirect cause that until recently attracted little attention is weak inter-provincial coordination and collaboration. Transboundary forests are administered by departments based in two, three or more neighboring provinces. As provincial boundaries mark the territorial limits of administration, they can present loopholes that prevent law enforcement staff from following up on forest violations, such as illegal logging or forest conversion to agriculture. Tackling these loopholes requires inter-provincial collaboration to ensure seamless coverage of forest law enforcement efforts and thus enhance forest management and protection. Such collaboration also requires dedicated funding, which is rarely acknowledged. 

To develop government capacity to reduce deforestation and forest degradation, the UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Programme strengthened inter-provincial cooperation between provincial Forest Protection offices to tackle law enforcement issues of a transboundary nature and to plug persistent loopholes. 

12 December 2019
English

Viet Nam infobrief series: Guiding stakeholder engagement for REDD+ implementation

uploaded by Leona Liu

*This is part of a series of info briefs produced in 2019 on the main lessons learned from Viet Nam's National REDD+ Programme 

This brief presents key issues that emerge from the assessment of stakeholder engagement and FPIC principles. It looks specifically into the extent to which guidelines, as the main tools, serve to provide possibilities for stakeholders who relate to, depend on, as well as manage the forest. This means that these guidelines are meant to guide stakeholder engagement through the entire process of planning, implementation, to monitoring and evaluation. 

At the policy level, the UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Programme has taken several positive steps towards enhancing stakeholder engagement. First, it has been a challenge to develop one single set of common guidelines for the site level, SiRAP. This is an important accomplishment as it lessens the confusion about the directives for stakeholder engagement. Second, the Programme has largely been managed to make use of and build on the local governance and planning mechanism in which stakeholder engagement is integrated. This is done through, for instance, making use of the scope for participation in the grassroots democracy ordinance for the planning and implementing REDD+ packages at the site level. Third, the objective of awareness raising set by the Programme was met to some extent despite the challenges in bridging different understandings of the key concepts of stakeholder engagement. Fourth, the Programme’s guidelines leave some room for change and flexibility during implementation. This is built on a general realisation that stakeholder engagement is a learning process. Fourth, the guidelines highlighted vulnerable stakeholders and in particular women and ethnic minorities. 

To accomplish stakeholder engagement and FPIC at site level is, however, an ambitious task, or rather, a long process. The attempt to integrate FPIC principle and benefit sharing pragmatically into one single document to guide stakeholder engagement adds to the challenge. The complex key elements of participation, transparency, accountability and representation will inevitably need contextualisation and adaptation at site level. For instance, to convey the full meaning of participation and adapt lessons into practice, which is central to engagement, take time and require changes in deep-rooted thinking and practices. Hence, formulating concise, contextual and concrete guidelines on stakeholder engagement and FPIC is a crucial, but difficult step in the process of accomplishing stakeholder engagement. The guidelines need to be short enough to be read and be useful, but still long enough to convey the meaning of key concepts and full value of stakeholder engagement. To add to the challenge, they need to be understood in a context very different from international principles and good practices from which they were written in the first place. Without a thorough understanding of what stakeholder engagement really means, there is a risk that stakeholder engagement and FPIC principles will only be respected on paper. Lastly, these challenges will inevitably increase for stakeholders from vulnerable groups who are weak in expressing their concerns such as women, ethnic minorities and other local communities living in or near the forest.

12 December 2019
English

Viet Nam Infobrief Series: From driver to solution: coffee agroforestry

uploaded by Leona Liu

*This is part of a series of info briefs produced in 2019 on the main lessons learned from Viet Nam's National REDD+ Programme 

Viet Nam is the second biggest coffee producer and exporter (after Brazil). Production in Viet Nam has steadily increased from 78,600 tons in 1990 to almost 1.77 million tons in 2017/18. There is no doubt that coffee is a significant contributor to Viet Nam’s rural economy. Its export value in 2018 was US $3.5 billion.

While coffee in Viet Nam has been touted as a success story, there is also a downside to the considerable expansion of its production. The conversion of natural forests to coffee contributes significantly to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and thereby to global climate change. Today, coffee covers an area of about 650,000 ha. A continuation of this trend will make it more difficult to achieve the target of reducing GHG emissions by 8 percent by 2030, which is Viet Nam’s commitment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). 

When the UN-REDD Viet Nam Phase II Programme selected Lam Dong province (in the Central Highlands region) as one of its pilot provinces, the coffee sector as a driver of deforestation was squarely in mind. Turning this driver into a REDD+ potential would require addressing the carbon as well as the socio-political challenge revolving around forestland tenure. The Programme reviewed options for forest restoration by intercropping forest trees and examined opportunities for and constraints to the adoption of coffee agroforestry in Lam Dong province, where coffee is grown on about 162,000 ha.

30 August 2019
Spanish

Infografía Salvaguardas REDD+

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

Infografía Salvaguardas REDD + - Spanish

30 August 2019
Spanish

Infografía Salvaguardas REDD+

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

Infografía Salvaguardas REDD + - Spanish

30 August 2019
French

Infographique Sauvegardes REDD+

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

Infographique Sauveguardes REDD+ en français 

30 August 2019
English

Infographic REDD+ Safeguards

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

Infographic on REDD+ Safeguards in English

30 August 2019
English

Template Info Brief UN-REDD Programme LAC Indesign

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

This folder contains the Indesign Template for the UN-REDD Programme Info Brief template for LAC. This is a compressed folder. Use WinRAR or other software to unzip the folder. 

30 August 2019
English

Template Info Brief UN-REDD Programme Asia Indesign

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

This folder contains the Indesign Template for UN-REDD Info Briefs for Asia Pacific;

30 August 2019
English

Template Info Brief UN-REDD Programme Africa Indesign

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

This folder contains the Indesign Template for UN-REDD Info Briefs for Africa with links and fonts. 

30 August 2019
English

Template Info Brief UN-REDD Programme Global Indesign

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

This file contains the Indesign Template, links and fonts for the layout of Global UN-REDD Info Briefs. 

30 August 2019
Spanish

LA PARTICIPACIÓN DE LOS GRUPOS ÉTNICOS EN REDD+: ALGUNAS CONSIDERACIONES, RETOS Y OPORTUNIDADES PARA EL CASO DE COLOMBIA

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

Este documento busca contribuir a las discusiones que hoy en día se presentan en Colombia, entorno a las estrategias de reducción de la deforestación, a través de resumir los principales resultados relacionados generados en el proceso de preparación para REDD+ y la construcción de la Estrategia Integral de Control a la Deforestación y la Gestión de los Bosques “Bosques Territorios de Vida”, especialmente asociados al tema de participación social e involucramientos de actores; y los retos y oportunidades que se vislubran en la transición del nuevo gobierno y el nuevo Plan Nacional de Desarrollo- “ Pacto por Colombia 2018-2022”.

26 June 2019
French

Note d'information Echange Sud-Sud: L'elevage durable et ses liens avec les forets

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

Le Programme ONU-REDD, avec l’appui du gouvernement du Paraguay représenté par le ministère de l’Environnement et du Développement durable et le ministère de l’Agriculture et de
l’Élevage, a organisé les 6 et 7 novembre à Asunción, Paraguay, l’Échange Sud-Sud sur « l’élevage durable et ses liens avec
les forêts ». Cet atelier visait à ouvrir un espace d’échange et de dialogue entre producteurs, institutions gouvernementales, agences de coopération, industriels, organisations de la société civile, institutions financières et distributeurs. Le but de cet échange était de contribuer à l’analyse de l’activité d’élevage, en mettant l’accent sur la chaîne de production de la viande
et ses liens avec les objectifs, les engagements et les accords internationaux convenus en matière de lutte contre le changement climatique. Une attention particulière a été accordée aux différents modèles de production animale et à leurs effets sur l’environnement, notamment la déforestation. L’événement a également permis d’échanger les bonnes pratiques et les outils visant à favoriser l’élevage durable dans la région. Cette note informative donne un résumé des discussions. 

26 June 2019
French

Note d'information Echange Sud-Sud: L'elevage durable et ses liens avec les forets

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

Le Programme ONU-REDD, avec l’appui du gouvernement du Paraguay représenté par le ministère de l’Environnement et du Développement durable et le ministère de l’Agriculture et de
l’Élevage, a organisé les 6 et 7 novembre à Asunción, Paraguay, l’Échange Sud-Sud sur « l’élevage durable et ses liens avec
les forêts ». Cet atelier visait à ouvrir un espace d’échange et de dialogue entre producteurs, institutions gouvernementales, agences de coopération, industriels, organisations de la société civile, institutions financières et distributeurs. Le but de cet échange était de contribuer à l’analyse de l’activité d’élevage, en mettant l’accent sur la chaîne de production de la viande
et ses liens avec les objectifs, les engagements et les accords internationaux convenus en matière de lutte contre le changement climatique. Une attention particulière a été accordée aux différents modèles de production animale et à leurs effets sur l’environnement, notamment la déforestation. L’événement a également permis d’échanger les bonnes pratiques et les outils visant à favoriser l’élevage durable dans la région. Cette note informative donne un résumé des discussions. 

26 June 2019
English

Info Brief Latin America South-South Exchange: Sustainable Livestock and its relationship with forests

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

The United Nations Collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation in Developing Countries, with the support of the Government of Paraguay, represented by the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (MADES) and the Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock (MAG), organized the South-South Exchange “Sustainable livestock and its relationship with forests” from 6 to 7 November in Asunción, Paraguay. The workshop sought to create a space for exchange and dialogue among producers, government institutions, aid agencies, industry, civil society organizations, financial institutions and traders. The objective was to contribute to the analysis of livestock activity, with a
particular focus on the meat chain and its link with international climate change goals, commitments and agreements. This info brief gives an overview of the discussions. 

23 May 2019
English

Enfoques jurisdiccionales de REDD+ en Africa: nuevas lecciones

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

Este informe captura el Intercambio Regional de Conocimientos de UN-REDD África 2018 "Implementación de REDD+ a Escala": Nuevas lecciones sobre enfoques jurisdiccionales y vínculos con los marcos normativos nacionales", que se celebró los días 2 y 3 de octubre de 2018 en la Oficina de las Naciones Unidas en Nairobi (Kenya).

23 May 2019
English

Approches juridictionnelles de la REDD+ en Afrique: enseignements émergents

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

Cette note d'information est un compte rendu de l'échange régional de connaissances ONU-REDD Afrique 2018 "REDD+ Implementation at Scale : Emerging Lessons on Jurisdictional Approaches and Linkages with National Policy Frameworks " qui s'est tenue les 2 et 3 octobre 2018 à l'Office des Nations Unies à Nairobi, Kenya. Cette note d'information est la traduction du document en Anglais. 

21 May 2019
Spanish

Nota Informativa: Intercambio Sur-Sur Latinoamerica Gandaderia Sostenible y su relacion con los bosques

uploaded by Alice Van der Elstraeten

Esta nota informativa recoge el intercambio regional de conocimientos Sur-Sur de UN-REDD sobre el tema de la ganadería y los bosques sostenibles que se celebró en Paraguay en noviembre de 2018. El documento resume los principales resultados del evento y enumera una serie de breves estudios de caso sobre diferentes países.

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