Analysing and addressing governance challenges are key to addressing underlying causes of deforestation as well as to identify and mitigate shortcomings and risks in current governance systems and structures. In seriously addressing governance challenges access to reliable and robust governance data is essential.

With this backdrop, the PGA serves many purposes in a country’s national REDD+ process depending on which stakeholder group is using the governance data.

From a government perspective, the PGA results serve: 

  • To highlight shortcomings and relatively low performance, and as such point to issues of urgent attention (will help Government prioritize strategically)
  • As robust governance information and evidence which can feed into and support government’s policy-making, planning and strategies at national and sub-national levels
  • As a basis and starting point for policy-reform
  • As comprehensive governance data which can feed into the national Safeguards Information System, which Indonesia in turn will report back to UNFCCC
  • To track progress or regression (if updated regularly)

From a civil society perspective, the PGA serves as/ to:

  • Robust governance evidence and information to support lobbying and advocacy and to holding decisions makers to account 
  • Monitor progress or regression

The governance data will be available through:

  • a comprehensive analysis of the state of governance relevant for Indonesia’s REDD+ process in particular and forest governance in general;
  • recommendations on how to address the shortcomings; as well as
  • information on the performance of selected governance issues at national, district and provincial level

This methodology, which has been tested in a number of countries and sectors by UNDP's Oslo Governance Centre, and also draws upon FAO's expertise on forest governance and data collection, relies on a partnership between government, civil society, academia, and to a certain extent the private sector, to identify governance challenges, recommendations on how to overcome these, as well as robust data to track and monitor progress and/ or regression.


Status of PGA for REDD+ pilots

The UN-REDD Programme is currently piloting three PGA processes; Indonesia, Vietnam  and Nigeria (Ecuador earlier on), and have established a PGA Community of Practice to facilitate both the technical and practical exchange between the countries and involved practitioners. PGA work in these three countries have also informed the development of the

An overview showing the similarities and differences between these PGA pilots are available here. More information about the recent developments and activities in each of the pilots are available in these country folders;


Valuable breakthrough in Indonesia’s efforts towards improved REDD+ governance

After two years of extensive consultation and involvement from civil society actors, academia and the Government of Indonesia, the Participatory Governance Assessment for REDD+ (PGA) was launched in Jakarta on 6 May 2013. Dr. Kuntoro Mangkusubroto, Head of Indonesia’s REDD+ Preparedness Task Force/ the Presidential Working Unit for Supervision and Management of Development (UKP4), refers to the PGA process in Indonesia as a “most valuable contribution to the process of improving governance of forests, land and REDD+” and emphasized the importance of regular governance data updates to “track progress or regression” towards the baseline now available. The full PGA report in English is available here, whereas the Executive Summary may be found in English, Spanish and French.


Establishing a PGA community of practice and sharing early lessons

17-18 April 2012, PGA practitioners and stakeholders from the PGA pilot countries convened in Bogor, Indonesia, to share perspectives and early lessons learned on the PGA. A PGA for REDD+ Community of Practice was established, and recommendations for further piloting and programming were provided. Find the background documents, presentation and workshop report (both in English and Spanish) here.


Read more about the PGA approach here:


Practical information-sharing


PGA contact:

For more information about the PGA approach or the pilots, Tina Solvberg can be contacted at: +47 926 29 992 or This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.