REDD Readiness in Paraguay (under construction)

Paraguay is currently elaborating its National UN-REDD Programme. Activities that will contribute to REDD-readiness  are presented below:

001_Organize_and_Consult

Paraguay has delegated the Minisitry of Environment (SEAM) as its leading entity for the UN-REDD process.

 

SEAM and INFONA are preparing the implementation/coordination arrangements for the REDD process

 

Consultations are being held with Indigenous Peoples organizations for the preparation and validation of the UN-REDD Paraguay Programme. Two regional information workshops on CC, REDD and UN REDD were directed to IP organizations; workshops were attended by 28 IPO in the Chaco region and 25 IPO in southeastern region (Paraguay Presentation Oct 09).

The World Wildlife Foundation has offered to finance Indigenous Peoples training on climate change and REDD.

Since the new administration took office, Paraguay emphasized the commitment to clarity and consultations for the development process of the national programme. In the 3rd Policy Board Meeting, Paraguay stated, as preparation towards COP-15 and draft of the national programme, it is adjusting its policy on forests and climate change, and will lead a workshop to discuss its position with regard to the upcoming climate change negotiations (3PB Meeting Report Draft Nov 6, 2009).

 

 

Land Use

Paraguay’s current Forest Cover is 18,475 (1000 ha), 46.5% of land area. Its deforestation rate for 2000-2005 is -179 (1000 ha), -0.9% of land area

To initiate its REDD strategy, Paraguay is undertaking:

• An analysis of political and institutional factors to incorporate REDD into relevant laws and policies

• Identification of potential decentralization options to facilitate the implementation of REDD

• Collection and analysis of existing data related to deforestation and degradation

Implementation framework

A credible and transparent framework, clear ownership rights, and an equitable and efficient benefit distribution system will be required for the implementation of national REDD policies and measures.

Paraguay is working towards improved institutional and technical capacity of Government and Civil Society organizations to manage REDD activities.

Current activites in Paraguay are:

 

IDEA, a local NGO, is developing norms to facilitate the implementation of the 2006 National Law on Payments for Environmental Services which includes REDD as one of the key services.

The work of paraguay on REDD will be informed by the activities of the Poverty Environment Initiative (PEI) , expected to make a major contribution to the overall development policy of Paraguay by mainstreaming REDD into the economic and social (pro-poor) growth policies

 

 

 

003_Develop_a_reference_scenario

Paraguay is working towards developing a national system of carbon accounting and data management and a national system to measure and evaluate reduction of emissions from deforestation and degradation of forest (Paraguay presentation Oct 09).

 

To develop the national monitoring system, Paraguay is:

• Developing protocols for data and information collection and verification.

• Establishing a unit for national accounting system.

• Planning training and capacity building.

The UN REDD Paraguay Programme will complement other REDD initiatives undertaken by local universities and NGOs. For example, SEAM has obtained financing from JICA to install carbon monitoring devices and other equipment for an estimated value of US$ 3 m. Nevertheless, at the 3rd Policy Board meeting it was acknowledged that MRV at the local level should be further developed. Support to national MRV systems is a priority for the UN-REDD Programme activities, both in-country and at the global level (3PB Meeting Report Draft Nov 6).

Mainstreaming of REDD components in the plans, programmes and budgets of the related institutions, while at the same time strengthening their capacities is vital for Paraguay to achieve the state of readiness within the established timeframe and further develop MRV. In all phases of the NJP, the involvement of all sectors has been emphasized, and in particular those actors that are forest-dependent, in order to assure the approval and support of REDD and the activities to be developed under the framework of the programme (FAO).

ACTIVITIES

Using 1999 LANDSAT images, forest area estimates done by La Cooperación Técnica Japonesa (JICA) for the south-east part of country estimates that forest area coverage in Paraguay decreased from 21 157 in 1990 to 18 475 in 2005 bring the average deforestation rate to 178 834 hectares per year (FAO).

Paraguay also reported 43 000 hectares of forest plantations in 2005, and a planting rate of about 1300 hectares per year.