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REDD Readiness in Tanzania *

The UN-REDD Programme and the FCPF have developed harmonized thinking on what constitutes REDD readiness. The readiness activities of Tanzania are analysed below through this framework.

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Management of Readiness

The National REDD Framework in Tanzania has been designed around a "production chain "that includes clarification on the roles and responsibilities of different actors.

A National Task Force was established in March 2009, which will administer the process of developing a national strategy for REDD. The Task Force is constituted of six members, three from the Vice President Office's Division of Environment and three from the Ministry of Natural resourcesand Tourism's Forestry and Beekeeping Division. Three more members will be included from the academia, NGO and private sectors.

The Institute of Resource Assessment (IRA) of University of Dar es Salaam is the Secretariat of the National REDD Task Force Team. It has established and maintains the Tanzania REDD Initiative web site (http://www.reddtz.org), to support processes of establishing and implementing REDD programs in Tanzania. The website also transmits official documents, reports and announcements, and assists on raising awareness on REDD to relevant stakeholders and the public at large.

The government has put in place a National Climate Change Steering Committee (NCCSC) and a National Climate Change Technical Committee to oversee and guide the implementation of climate change activities in the country. In order to avoid overlaps and duplication of efforts, the same institutional arrangement will also apply for REDD activities. Strategy under the UN-REDD Tanzania Programme is embedded into the Tanzanian National Forest Programme, a framework with specific aims for elaborating the role of forests in national development.

The Forestry and Beekeeping Division will have important role in implementing, supervising and operationalizing REDD initiative. The government has established a unit within the Forest and Beekeeping Division (FBD), led by a REDD manager.Under the UN-REDD Programme, the FBD will develop its capacity to implement REDD (planning, monitoring and enforcement) in collaboration with other partners.

REDD activities will be based on the already existing initiative in the forestry sector such as Participatory Forest Management (PFM) that includes Joint Forest Management (JFM) and Community Based Forest Management (CBFM). Likewise, local Government will ensure smooth implementation of REDD related activities in their areas of jurisdiction. In addition, REDD coordination at district level will adhere to the existing institutional structure whereby Environmental Officers (as established by EMA, 2004) at district and Municipal levels will serve as coordinators for REDD activities in their respective areas.

Stakeholder participation and consultation

The national REDD strategy recognizes that involvment of local and indigenous communities is one of the very few effective means of controlling degradation over large areas, drawing from existing success stories in participatory forest management. The development of the National REDD Strategy is a continuous process involving series of consultations, stakeholders engagement, research and knowledge dissemination.

Activities under the UN-REDD Programme in Tanzania will seek to stimulate broad based stakeholder support for REDD in Tanzania. Stakeholder involvment is planned to start with awareness raising at the national level, through the development and implementation of an awareness programme around the issues raised by REDD, including the potential for REDD and how it may reduce carbon emissions. To build broad consensus with forest communities regarding the REDD framework, national and regional workshops are planned: Ward and Village representatives from selected Districts will provide stakeholders information on the potential for REDD, hear their concerns and build their understanding of the process. A pilot rural appraisal to establish community opin ions on the potential for REDD is also planned. Broad consensus built with forest communities regarding the REDD framework, with discussions to understand their concerns and build their understanding

Tanzania has also identified the need to support the creation of non-state umbrella organizations to bundle stakeholder interest, for example, to provide support and training in forest inventories and registering carbon stocks change in the national database.

 

 

Guidelines for stakeholders (NGOs, Public and private institutions) to access funding from REDD Funds under Norwegian support have been finalized.

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Land Use, Forest Policy and Governance

The applicability of REDD will fall across a range of forest management types, which include nature reserves, government forest reserves, local authority forest reserves, private forests, village land forest reserves and village land in general.

With support from the World Bank and the Danish Government, a report commissioned by the Forestry and Beekeeping Division to review the past 15 years of experience with participatory forest management in Tanzania, asking critical questions on the degree to which it has achieved its objectives of restoring forests and improving livelihoods and drawing lessons learned. Conclusions regarding the legal basis for sharing costs and benefits, approaches to service delivery, monitoring and evaluation and safeguards to avoid leakage will inform the National REDD Strategy.

Further policy papers will be commissioned on:

 

Strategy Options

The purpose of the strategy is to develop policies and measures to address the drivers of deforestation identified in the assessment of land-use, forest policy and governance.

The facilitation of the development of a National REDD Strategy in Tanzania is one iniative to be funded within the partnership agreement established with the Government of Norway.

Various strategy options have been considered, and the main roll-out mechanism is considered to be Participatory Forest management, both community-based forest management and joint forest management. Specific analyses are underway reagrding what works and what does not in terms of forest management.

Under the UN-REDD Programme, cost curves for REDD in Tanzania will be established, allowing to calculate the costs of various ways of implementing REDD in Tanzania.

 

Implementation Framework

An assessment of the distribution of costs and benefits (social, private, budget etc) is planned. The UN-REDD Tanzania Programme also includes:

 

 

 

Social and environmental impacts

To assess the social and environmental impacts of the strategies and implementation policies and measures, the National REDD Framework in Tanzania production chain will include a social safeguards framework.

 

 

 

The baseline for forest area and deforestation is partly available for Tanzania, and further work will be necessary to provide the statistics relevant to establishing a reference scenario that builds on historical trends and takes into account national development projections.

 

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Tanzania will implement a MRV system within the FBD/VPO. Towards this objective, capacity building on REDD MRV will first take the form of training on remote sensing, GIS, IPCC Good Practice Guidance, and will link to the Tanzanian National Inventory work. This includes:

 

 

 

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