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Several countries have already submitted their forest reference emission level to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), or are in the process of developing this. In support of this, the UN-REDD Programme has produced the publication Technical considerations for Forest Reference Emission Level and/or Forest Reference Level construction for REDD+ under the UNFCCC.

This document supports countries in the construction of their forest reference emission levels and/or forest reference levels (FREL/FRLs) to participate in REDD+. It provides a structural overview of UNFCCC decisions related to FREL/FRLs, summarizing the guidance provided through the decisions and translating it into elements countries need to consider in a FREL/FRL submission to the UNFCCC.

Possible advantages and risks associated with different choices for each of these elements are described, proposing practical considerations to facilitate decision-making. Technical aspects of how to develop a FREL/FRL in line with UNFCCC guidance are discussed, recalling relevant Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change guidance and guidelines, and drawing from other useful guidance such as those provided by Global Forest Observation Initiative and the Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics.

At the end of each element section, a list of guiding questions is provided which should help countries in their thinking on FREL/FRL construction and the document concludes by proposing a possible simplified flow showing how all these elements may be combined into a FREL/FRL.

The publication is available in English, French and Spanish.


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