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UNEP and UNFCCC jointly release full version of the "2015 Emissions Gap Report" at UNFCCC COP21 in Paris.



Emissions Gap Report launch rt crop



Existing policies and strong engagement by nations who have submitted their climate change mitigation contributions  to the UNFCCC will limit anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by 2030, but a new climate agreement can encourage further action to limit global temperature rise to 2°C by 2100, according to the United Nations Environment Programme's (UNEP) 2015 Emissions Gap Report.EGR Cover new


The 2015 Emissions Gap Report is an authoritative assessment undertaken by a team of leading scientists and modelling experts from around the world. It presents an assessment of the 119 Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs) submitted to the UNFCCC by 1 October 2015, covering 146 countries and up to 88 per cent of global GHG emissions in 2012.

UNEP Executive Director Achim Steiner said, "The current INDCs, combined with policies over the last few years, present a real increase in ambition levels and demonstrate an unprecedented commitment and engagement by member states in tackling this major global challenge."

The report found that efforts needed to tackle climate change, including those taken before the Paris agreement and full implementation of the INDCs, could cut up to 11 GtCO2e from projected emissions in 2030.


In recognition of the significant opportunity for climate change mitigation through forest-related actions, the report includes a focus on REDD+ .This reflects the fact that forest loss, which reached 7.6 million ha per year between 2010-2015 accounts for the largest portion of emissions from land use. Many countries are expressing their willingness to undertake large-scale forest-related mitigation, and have included forest-related actions in their INDCs.


At least 94 developing countries are already committing to substantial efforts towards forest-related mitigation. In different fora, countries are expressing their intention to reduce emissions from deforestation and to enhance forest carbon stocks (Figure 2). This includes including forest-related mitigation in their INDCs and Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions submitted to the UNFCCC, bilateral agreements on forest-related mitigation, proposals to the Carbon Fund, and commitments to both the New York Declaration on Forest and the Bonn Challenge.

Additionally, as recently as 6 December, African countries came together to pledge to restore 100 million hectares (about 386,000 square miles) of forest by 2030. 

forest-related mitigation





REDD+ also has the potential to contribute to the large-scale restoration of degraded forest landscapes, which would boost food production and support adaptation to climate change.


The potential for large, rapid impact of reducing deforestation and forest degradation makes it an attractive mitigation option. In addition, an analysis of the technical potential for climate change mitigation from wide-scale forest restoration in developing countries found that it was around the same amount at 2030 as that for reduced emissions from deforestation. Overall, the technical potential from forest-related mitigation in developing countries is around 9 GtCO2 per year in 2030.

The full report can be downloaded here:



For more information contact:

Shereen Zorba, Head of News and Media, United Nations Environment Programme, +254 788 526 000, , or

Michael Logan, News and Media Officer, United Nations Environment Programme

+254 725 939 620,

Jennifer Ferguson-Mitchell, Communications Officer, UN-REDD Programme,  



Background on INDC assessment methodology:

The assessment of the mitigation components of the INDCs concentrates on the implications on national and global GHG emissions, and the current trends of national and global emissions, until 2030. The aggregated emissions resulting from INDCs are compared with scenarios consistent with limiting temperature increase to 2°C/1.5°C above pre-industrial levels. The emission projections are based on varying assumptions about INDC conditionality resulting in two cases: conditional and unconditional INDCs. The cases are based on the findings from research groups, which have estimated national, regional and global emissions. Current emissions trajectories are assumed for those parties that have only conditional INDCs. The approach for projecting the global estimate for 2025 and 2030 emissions is taking its point of departure in the current emissions trajectories. As countries submit their INDCs, the estimates of their current trajectory are replaced by the estimate of the emission projections resulting from the INDC. The INDC analysis is therefore a live process with the final update expected in early 2016.

Background on UN-REDD

The UN-REDD Programme is the United Nations collaborative Programme on Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD+) in developing countries. The Programme was launched in 2008 and builds on the convening role and technical expertise of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and UNEP. The UN-REDD Programme supports nationally led REDD+ processes and promotes the informed and meaningful involvement of all stakeholders, including indigenous peoples and other forest-dependent communities, in national and international REDD+ implementation.

The Programme supports national REDD+ readiness efforts in 64 partner countries spanning Africa, Asia-Pacific and Latin America, in two ways: (i) direct support to the design and implementation of UN-REDD National Programmes; and (ii) complementary support to national REDD+ action through common approaches, analyses, methodologies, tools, data and best practices developed through the UN-REDD Global Programme.







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