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Ineffective law enforcement is often considered a key underlying driver of deforestation and forest degradation. In 2012 Indonesia put forth an innovative approach of enforcing environmental laws more effectively through the "multi-door approach". A new UN-REDD Programme-supported assessment of this approach, including detailed findings and recommendations, is now available.

 

To address ineffective law enforcement as an underlying driver of deforestation and forest degradation, the multi-door approach seeks to establish coherence between the inquiry, investigation and prosecution of forestry crimes. It also encourages law enforcement agencies, judges and investigators alike to investigate and prosecute environmental crimes along with corollary crimes – such as corruption, money laundering, and tax evictions together with prioritizing to pursue such crimes committed by corporations or corporate actors. This innovative approach is titled the “multi-door approach” as it seeks to take into account all relevant laws towards which to apply to the crime(s) committed so that the sentences are more severe than previously when perpetrators are being brought to justice.

An assessment, supported by the UN-REDD Programme, of the “multi-door approach” in Indonesia found that there had been some very successful but individual cases where this approach had been applied. The assessment report also provides a number of key findings and recommendations for a more effective implementation of the approach, such as the need to for a mandated unit or agency to take the lead in implementing it across law enforcement agencies; sufficient budget allocations to reflect the difficult investigation context as crime scenes are often remote and not easily accessible; and proper coordination between law enforcement “agents” (e.g. police, judges, investigators).

 

More detailed findings and recommendations on the "multi-door approach" can be accessed in the Executive Summary (English version) here, and the full Indonesian version (Bahasa) available here

 

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