Indonesia

Country Area : 1,910,931 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 91,010

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Targeted support

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: Yes

Readiness Grant Holder: Yes

Carbon Fund: Yes

PROGRESS AGAINST THE WARSAW FRAMEWORK

Progress has been steady against implementation of UNFCCC decision 10/ CP.19, with the support of the UN-REDD Programme. Technical assistance was provided through the Ministry of Environment and Forestry (MOEF) and the Ministry of National Development Planning (BAPPENAS) in developing Indonesia’s Low-Carbon Development and Green Economy, its next 2019–2024 medium-term plan. Institutional arrangements for the Cluster Approach for Integrated Fire Management were established to mitigate forest/peat fires. The national FRL is being better incorporated into subnational planning and implementation. Technical assistance was provided to the Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs and the MOEF during the development of Palm Oil Moratorium #8/2018, which is seen as a breakthrough response to deforestation while encouraging the private sector and ministries to focus on improving the productivity of existing plantations through replanting schemes with certified seeds. To address climate change, Indonesia has been accelerating efforts towards peatland management and restoration and inspiring other countries to engage in multilateral and South-South cooperation through the Global Peatlands Initiative. Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Indonesia and Peru are working together with the support of partners, including UN-REDD, to establish the International Tropical Peatland Center (ITPC) in Indonesia.

National Forest Monitoring Systems (NFMS): Indonesia made significant progress in increasing transparency with the first State of Indonesia’s Forests report, which reveals new data with promising signs of reduced deforestation and fires in the past two years. The report, published in July 2018, was led by the Government with support from UN-REDD and Norway.

Safeguards Information Systems (SIS): Due to limited human resources in 2018, both in the national and subnational governments, technical assistance is ongoing to help MOEF continue to improve its SIS in 2019.

REDD+ IMPLEMENTATION

The UN-REDD Programme’s engagement with the Government has contributed to improving actions and transparency in forest and peatland monitoring and reporting, which contribute to REDD+. High-level political will from the President and the Minister of Environment and Forestry has been the driving force behind significant efforts to reduce the country’s high deforestation rate.

UN-REDD played a catalytic role beyond formal workplan activities and on forests through public forums on deforestation and climate change. In addition, the programme is supporting work on forests and peatlands linked to the Global Peatlands Initiative. The UN Environment-led initiative has prompted national actions and has endeavored to highlight lessons learned from Indonesia while facilitating South-South knowledge exchange and collaboration between Indonesia, the Republic of the Congo, DRC and Peru. Based on its work with UN-REDD and partners, Indonesia has led on many outreach activities and has shared best practices through the Global Peatlands Initiative. It also submitted a draft resolution to the UN Environment Assembly on tackling climate change through international cooperation on sustainable peatland management. The draft resolution was negotiated in early 2019 and scaled up to highlight the importance of the conservation and sustainable management of peatlands – it was subsequently adopted, with Indonesia leading negotiations.

UN-REDD funds have served as a catalyst for generating additional resources, helping Indonesia design new projects on peatlands monitoring, an initiative on the Cluster Approach for Integrated Fire Management and a project on livelihoods and natural capital sustained to accelerate peat restoration. These projects will improve livelihoods and help to further reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

Following the appointment of the Directorate General of Climate Change in July 2018, discussions were held to confirm the priorities and delivery of UN-REDD technical assistance, including the investment plan, a business plan, participation in the forthcoming CORSIA as an offset supplier and support on legal issues for the upcoming Environment Fund/BLU funding mechanism. The Government prioritized a demonstration project, where UN-REDD will provide quality assurance in terms of monitoring and evaluation, sharing lessons from other countries and enabling the Government to demonstrate to donor countries that the BLU would have the necessary operating standards.

CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS

Staff rotation and institutional changes in the Government have affected delivery of the 2018 activities. Notably, the challenge of coordinating across many different parts of the Ministry, one of the contributions of the Directorate General of Climate Change. As this post was vacant from February to July 2018, coordination required broad consultations with senior staff to avoid becoming too dependent on individuals. The new Directorate General of Climate Change has effectively been in office since October 2018 and UN-REDD is increasingly engaging with all relevant director generals on sustainable peat management, as well as maintaining close communications on their MRV technical needs and support for establishing the BLU/Environment Fund. 

The Peatland Restoration Agency (BRG) is planned to close by 2020. As such, an exit/handover strategy will need to be developed to ensure that investment in peatland restoration activities continues.

GENDER AND SOCIAL INCLUSION

The UN-REDD Programme is a catalyst for increasing women’s participation in activities. For example, there is a minimum requirement of 30 per cent women’s participation in Fire Risk Systems trainings for district and provincial government staff and in community-based fire brigade training. Women’s participation is also actively sought among cluster management members, staff on NFMS training and exchange visits.

Participation of local communities and indigenous groups has been highlighted and strongly recommended to be replicated, as was the case during the formulation of Fire Clusters at the subnational level, and during the formulation of the MOEF publication on sustainable peatland management.

PARTNERSHIPS

Close collaboration between UN-REDD agencies globally and in Indonesia helped to establish the International Tropical Peatland Center (ITPC) and other peat-related collaborative work supporting Indonesia’s Peatland Restoration Agency. Through this effective collaboration, the Government has leveraged UN-REDD’s technical assistance.

LINKAGES TO SDGS

Significant progress was made towards the SDGs, including SDG 13 (Climate action), with the launch of the first State of Indonesia’s Forests report, which outlines a “new paradigm” of forest governance that links to nine of the SDGs (see figure below).

(Update Annual Report 2018)

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2019
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Country Focal Points

Find up-to-date contact information for all UN-REDD Programme Country Focal Points here.

 

Key Contacts

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Forest officer, UN-REDD, Forestry Dept, FAO
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Head of Environment Unit, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)
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Regional Technical Specialist in Stakeholder Engagement Focus area: Stakeholder Engagement, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)
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Regional Technical Specialist, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)
UNORCID

Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 1,041,329
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 01.03.2012
Date of Approval 01.02.2013
Implementation Period (Months) 11
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 325,000
Amount Approved US$ 325,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNDP
 
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Upon request by the government of Indonesia, UNDP will directly implement the project in order to ensure the integrity and neutrality of the PGA process and results, by keep working closely with UKP4, the Ministry of Forestry, the National Development Planning Agency, and civil society organizations.

Description: 

Indonesia (TS1 and TS2 merged)


Strengthened policies and regulatory frameworks and stakeholders capacities and governance aspects related to sustainable management of natural resources at national and target subnational level that guarantee the rights of local and indigenous communities.

Targets 2012:

1. PGA REDD+ results finalized and policy recommendations on good governance principles in forest management and REDD+ implementation developed, communicated and accepted by respective key actors.

2. PGA policy recommendation with regard to FPIC application in the Indonesian context developed.

 

 

 

 



#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 23.05.2013
Date of Approval 06.06.2013
Implementation Period (Months) 11
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 46,729
UN Agency Providing Support
UNDP
 
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: See Indonesia, TS1 (this was an additional transfer of funds from UNDP to Indonesia)

Description: 

See expected results under Indonesia, TS1 (this was an additional transfer of funds from UNDP to Indonesia)

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 01.05.2013
Date of Approval 06.06.2013
Implementation Period (Months) 1
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 150,000
Amount Approved US$ 150,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNDP
 
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: National and Subnational Consultative Groups, UNDP Country Office.

Description: 

 

 

1. The production and formal launch held of the 2012 Indonesian Forests, Land and REDD+ Governance Index (PGA) report;

2. PGA results disseminated and utilized.

3. Project managed effectively and efficiently.


 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
4  
Date of Request 22.02.2014
Date of Approval 17.03.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 344,600
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
UNDP
 
MRV and Monitoring
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: See Indonesia TS1

Description: 


Strengthened policies, regulatory frameworks, and stakeholder governance capacity on issues related to the sustainable management of natural resources at national and target subnational levels and the guarantee of the rights of local and adat communities.

1. Target in 2014, the 2013 Forest, Land and REDD+ Governance index launched.

2. Target in 2014, the 2013 index used to measure forest and REDD+ governance condition in 10 provinces and total of  5 provincial and district governments capacitated to use PGA framework and results to inform evidence based policy reform on forest governance.

3. Data collectors trained and data validated.

4. Enhanced capacity of data collection and data validation.


#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
5  
Date of Request 09.02.2015
Date of Approval 07.04.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 11
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 125,000
Amount Approved US$ 125,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Forestry Administration

Description: 

The main objective of the support requested is
to strengthen capacity for development of the FREL/REL in Cambodia, and
facilitate dialogue and exchange of information between Cambodia, Indonesia,
Malaysia, Nepal and Viet Nam on FREL/FRL development as they begin to interact
with UNFCCC.

Expected results:

Enhanced capacity to develop and submit a FREL/REL to the UNFCCC.

Enhanced exchange between Cambodia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Nepal and Viet Nam on FREL/ FRL development.

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
6  
Date of Request 21.12.2015
Date of Approval 18.02.2016
Implementation Period (Months) 2
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 50,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNEP
 
Green Economy and Private Sector

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: 

Description: 

Follow up research on fiscal incentives completed with cross-sectoral dialogue facilitated to promote evidence for a robust and credible National REDD+ Stategy and process, as well as analysis completed on the economic effects of agricultural fiscal reform for developing options for polices and measures.