Costa Rica

Country Area : 51,100 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 2,756

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : Targeted support, Support to country needs assessment (CNA)

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: Yes

Readiness Grant Holder: Yes

Carbon Fund: Yes

PROGRESS AGAINST THE WARSAW FRAMEWORK

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan (NS/AP): UN-REDD Programme support has been provided to the Government to successfully finalize the National REDD+ Strategy and develop a comprehensive REDD+ Implementation Plan. Understanding of the benefits of REDD+ was integral to this work. The Programme supported an extensive analysis on multiple benefits of the National REDD+ Strategy actions and a policy brief on the multiple benefits of REDD+, cost-benefit analyses of REDD+ strategic options for the implementation plan and the development of indicators to evaluate the multiple REDD+ benefits in Costa Rica. In addition, a review of the private sector and financing options for REDD+ and the development of a substrategy for gender mainstreaming, were carried out to assist in creating enabling conditions for policies and measures.

Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL): The current Forest Reference Emissions Level/Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL) is being updated based on recommendations by the UNFCCC Technical Assessment Report and the FCPF. Support was provided by the UN-REDD Programme through participation in the discussion of a new methodology to measure forest degradation and integrate this into the FREL/REL.

National Forest Monitoring System (NFMS): The UN-REDD Programme continued to support the development of the National Land Use, Land Cover and Ecosystems Monitoring System (SIMOCUTE) with the establishment of four task forces to design the technical elements of the system. The task forces have successfully brought together cross-sectoral stakeholders from 12 organizations, including the Ministry of Environment and Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock and various academic institutions. During 2017, task forces carried out technical activities including NFI modifications, harmonization of the classification systems for coverage and land use; and, pilots on sampling with remote sensing to estimate land use changes and forest degradation. Support was also provided to finalize a review of legislation, which became the basis for the decree establishing SIMOCUTE. The Monitoring Land Use Change Within Productive Landscapes (MOCUPP) became operational during 2017 thanks to the support from the Programme and will progressively monitor five commodities until 2020. A task force was established to facilitate its inclusion into the SIMOCUTE.

Safeguard Information System (SIS): Significant progress was made to develop the summary of safeguards information for the UNFCCC with support from the UN-REDD Programme. Programme assistance included a webinar on best practices to operationalize and integrate the SIS in Costa Rica’s National REDD+ Strategy.

REDD+ IMPLEMENTATION

Following completion of the National REDD+ Strategy and implementation plan, Costa Rica costed all the REDD+ policies and measures. The Government then identified financing sources for the implementation of the National REDD+ Strategy, in addition to those already provided by the FCPF Carbon Fund, to develop a REDD+ financial plan. The country was also able to engage the Development Banking System to develop tailored financial products that contribute to REDD+ implementation.

CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS

The main challenge is the length of time taken to institutionalize the SIMOCUTE across Costa Rica. In order to tackle this, the process should be started as soon as possible and mobilize other sources from the cooperation.

GENDER AND SOCIAL INCLUSION

A substrategy for gender mainstreaming, as part of the enabling conditions for policies and measures, was recommended and integrated to the National REDD+ Strategy and implementation plan.

PARTNERSHIPS

The NFMS/SIMOCUTE has been supported by a joint collaboration with the United States Forest Service (USFS)-Silva Carbon. Funds from the Inter American Bank for Development/ Tropical Agricultural Research and Higher Education Centre  (BID/CATIE), Silva Carbon and FCPF were coordinated to adjust and conclude SIMOCUTE's methodologies after the pilots.

(Update Annual Report 2017)

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Country Focal Points

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Key Contacts

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Regional Technical Advisor, Food and Agriculture Organizaton of the United Nations (FAO)
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Regional Technical Advisor, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)
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Consultant REDD, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (PNUMA) (PNUE)

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Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 1,002,383
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 13.09.2012
Date of Approval 17.10.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 16
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 242,383
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
UNDP
UNEP
 
Stakeholder Engagement
Safeguards and Multiple Benefits

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Min. of Evironment and Energy, National Forestry Financing Fund

Description: 

Overall: Field experience generated and systematize lessons learned on the implementation of the UN-REDD Social and Environmental Principles and Criteria, they being harmonized with SESA, SES and the World Bank, and an information system developed that allows to verify its observance and application.

  1. Indicators, variables and information sources framework identified for social and environmental principles and criteria – preferably using existing information.
  2.  A methodological framework developed for developing a sole information system bringing together the interests of UN-REDD, SESA, REDD-SES and the World Bank.
  3.  Above-mentioned methodological framework validated through the application of the information system along the national REDD+ process.
  4. A technical, scientific, social and economic road map designed for the information system
  5.  Process systemized.
  6.  Assessment system for the information system developed.

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 03.07.2014
Date of Approval 11.08.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 16
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 1,005,000
Amount Approved US$ 760,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
UNDP
UNEP
 
MRV and Monitoring
Governance
Stakeholder Engagement
Safeguards and Multiple Benefits

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Min. of Environment and Energy, National Forestry Financing Fund.   FAO: Fondo Nacional de Financiamiento Forestal (FONAFIFO).

Description: 

National Forest Monitoring System:

1a. Plan measurement and reporting of emissions reduction strategies to control illegal logging, forest fire management and modalities of indigenous and peasant PSA.

1b . Coordination and documentation of governance bodies and decision making for the national forest monitoring system.

1c . Institutional arrangements for national forest monitoring system and measurement , reporting and verification (including information on multiple benefits) .

1d. Procedures Manual for national forest monitoring system and measurement, reporting and verification .

1e. Operating Plan for incorporating REDD+ accounting and national forest monitoring system for the national inventory of greenhouse gases.

Knowledge Management:

2a. Case study of indigenous consultation Costa Rica: Documentation of the indigenous consultation in their informative stages, pre - consultation and consultation.

Strengthening Strategy and Involvement of the private sector in REDD +:

3a. Addressing drivers of deforestation (pineapple ) on REDD + strategy Costa Rica strengthened.

3b . Inputs of REDD+ policies by identifying options for private sector involvement in the implementation of the strategic options for REDD+ Strategy Costa Rica.

3c . Capabilities on private sector involvement in REDD+ for actors identified jointly in Costa Rica built through workshops and training events.

 

Financing and markets

 

4a. Priority actions and areas to develop REDD+ strategic options identified based on cost-benefit analyses

 

4b.Financing strategy for Costa Rica’s National REDD+ Strategy strengthened identifying options and financial mechanisms.

 

4c. Options for incentivizing the demand for REDD+ actions identified as an input for Costa Rica’s REDD+ PAMs.

 

Operational Framework:

5.Proposal for implementing framework for Costa Rica’s REDD+ strategic options developed

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