Bangladesh

Country Area : 147,570 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 1,429

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Targeted support

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: No

Readiness Grant Holder: No

Carbon Fund: No

PROGRESS AGAINST THE WARSAW FRAMEWORK

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan (NS/AP): The UN-REDD Programme supported Bangladesh to further develop its National REDD+ Strategy with the identification of deforestation and degradation drivers. PAMs, including those of a gender-sensitive nature, were identified and vetted through stakeholder consultations and are undergoing assessment for implementation benefits, costs and risks. The institutional arrangement for REDD+ management was also proposed to the Government. 

Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL): Technical capacity for FRELs/FRLs was strengthened through UN-REDD events and a national consultation on the proposed FREL/FRL. A revised version of the FREL/FRL report was submitted to the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change, approved and submitted to the UNFCCC REDD+ Info Hub in January 2019.

National Forest Monitoring Systems (NFMS): With UN-REDD programme support, the structure and several modules of the Bangladesh Forest Information System (BFIS) were finalized and presented to the Forest Department. The BFIS was officially launched in December and has benefited from the creation of national land-cover maps for 2005 and 2010, as well as capacity development for database management. A draft data-sharing policy for the Forest Department has been submitted to the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. 

CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS

The official launch of the national programme encountered delays due to the formulation of the Project Steering Committee and the UN-REDD national Programme Executive Board. A no-cost extension to the national programme until June 2019 was approved by the UN-REDD Executive Board to accommodate these delays; however, several other activities scheduled for 2018 were also delayed. Preliminary approval for the budget revision was obtained and will be formalized in 2019.

A lack of IT and programming capacity in the Forest Department necessitated additional training and recruitment of more IT and database management consultants.

GENDER AND SOCIAL INCLUSION

The national programme carried out two gender assessments in 2018: a literature review on gender issues in forest resource management and a screening of policies, laws and regulations and PAMs against gender issues. A gender expert facilitated dedicated discussions at eight regional consultations on PAMs, which concluded in early 2018.

During 2018, 387 participants took part in UN-REDD Programme events in Bangladesh, 349 of whom were men and 38 women. Overall, 2,726 individuals have participated in project events since the programme’s inception, 2,265 of whom were men and 461 women. Inputs from forest-dependent communities, indigenous peoples and women were considered and interpreted when formulating PAMs. A minimum representation of one woman is required in the National REDD+ Steering Committee (of a total of 37 institutional members), REDD+ Cell (eight members) and Strategy and Safeguards Technical Working Group (15 members), and a minimum of two women in the National REDD+ Forum (34 members).

In 2018, the programme supported the drafting of the REDD+ management structure, which includes positions for indigenous peoples and CSOs, and is under review by the Government. The National REDD+ Steering Committee has three dedicated positions for indigenous communities out of 37 representative institutions. The 34-member REDD+ Forum includes one member representing marginalized communities, six members from civil society/non-governmental organizations and journalists, and nine members from forest-dependent groups.

During the PAM development, 316 participants from five districts were consulted, five of whom were from indigenous communities and 113 from CSOs. Basic training on REDD+ issues started at the end of 2018 with 71 participants in attendance, of whom 13 were from CSOs.

PARTNERSHIPS

UN-REDD programme support is closely coordinated with the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Bangladesh NFI project. The programme supported the World Bank Forest Investment Program formulation team and the development of the US$ 175 million World Bank Sustainable Forests & Livelihoods project, approved in October 2018.

LINKAGES TO SDGS

Programme support contributes to SDG target 13.B by building capacity for climate change-related planning and management, and to indicator 15.2.1 through the development and institutionalization of the National REDD+ Strategy. The BFIS supports the provision and transparency of information required to adapt planning processes to the impacts of climate change and to mitigate AFOLU-related emissions. The REDD+ Strategy development process provides a policy framework for these planning processes and the FRL provides a benchmark to assess their effectiveness.

(Update Annual Report 2018)

 

 

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Key Contacts

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Consultant
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Regional Programme Officer, Food and Agriculture Organizaton of the United Nations (FAO)
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Regional Technical Specialist in Stakeholder Engagement Focus area: Stakeholder Engagement, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)
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Regional Technical Advisor, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)

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Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 357,500
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 11.03.2012
Date of Approval 16.07.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 17
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 110,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNDP
 
Governance
Safeguards and Multiple Benefits

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) with a REDD cell created within the Forest Department.  

Description: 

Output 1a) Corruption risks assessment and effective mitigation measures completed.

Output 1 b) Social impacts assessed and effective mitigation measures completed.

Output 2) Completed REDD+ project document that aims to implement UNDP components of the REDD+ Roadmap.

Output 3) Resources mobilized and programming opportunities explored with Forest Department promoting sustainable forest management.

 

 

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 02.01.2012
Date of Approval 02.01.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 8
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 37,500
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Forest Department.

Description: 

MRV Action Plan development.

FAO, please expand.

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 18.07.2012
Date of Approval 24.08.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 115,000
Amount Approved US$ 115,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: 

Description: 

Output 1: Technical capacity built for the GHG inventory for the LULUCF sector;

(Activities include: 1. Trainings on GHG inventory for the LULUCF

2. GIS for Forest Management

3. Remote Sensing for forest assessment and monitoring     

4. Training on National Forest Inventory and use field equipments

5. Training on allometric Equation development and biomass calculation

6. Develop the database of existing allometric equations

7. Organize consultations on national forest definition and provide recommendations on forest definitions)

Output 2. Institutional Arrangements in palce for GHG National Inventory System for the LULUCF sector;

(Activities include:

1) Assessment of the existing institutional arrangements (NFI, SFM, GHG Unit, sharing platform)

2) Propose institutional arrangement for effective implementation

3) Identify the role, organization, coordination mechanism and contact information for those providing relevant data for estimating emissions in LULUCF sector

4) Provide information on lead agencies, identify inventory management team members, Information for additional contacts for each sector, the status of the institutional arrangements in a concise tabular format

5) Identify policy support necessary for institutional arrangement and obtain govt. Approval (e.g. govt. Notification on institutional structure, role, mandate) for effective implementation

6) Identify the strengths in and recommend for potential Improvements in Management Structure of National Inventory System for LULUCF

+ Regular MRV meetings conducted

 

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
4  
Date of Request 25.05.2014
Date of Approval 16.07.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 1
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 95,000
Amount Approved US$ 95,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Forest Department.

Description: 

  • National discussionson NFMS/MRV system facilitated through regular meetings of MRV Working Group
  • Data collected for preparation of GreenhouseGas (GHG) inventory for the Land UseLand Use Change and Forestry (LULUCF) Sector
  • Capacity built on geospatial data processing   and database management,  Land Cover   Classification System, IPCC guidelines, Data archiving and database   management, Forest Statistics, and Allometric Equations

 

In details:

Output 1: National stakeholders prepared for the   inception phase of the Bangladesh UN-REDD National Programme

Activity 1.1: Organisation of   regular MRV working group meetings and administrative support for REDD Cell   of FD

Activity 1.2: Support data   collection for the preparation of GHG inventory for the LULUCF sector

Activity 1.3: Facilitate data   sharing agreement between relevant institutions

Output 2: Capacity built on geospatial data processing   and database management

Activity 2.1: Training on Land   Cover Classification System

Activity 2.2: Training on data   archiving and database management

Output 3: Capacity built on GHG inventory for the   LULUCF sector

Activity 3.1: Training on   Forest Statistics

Activity 3.2: Training on   Allometric Equation generation, volume calculation and biomass assessment

Activity 3.3: Training on IPCC   guidelines, methodologies and software for emission calculation

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
5  
Date of Request 18.11.2014
Date of Approval 14.01.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 1
Status
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 0
UN Agency Providing Support
 

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: 

Description: