Congo (the)

Country Area : 342,000 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 22,334

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: Yes

Readiness Grant Holder: Yes

Carbon Fund: Yes

PROGRESS AGAINST THE WARSAW FRAMEWORK

In 2018, the UN-REDD Programme supported the Republic of the Congo with NFMS and FREL development. In close collaboration with the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission, the Republic of the Congo developed its first forest degradation map and mapping methodology to obtain estimates on forest-cover loss due to forest degradation. Programme support also enabled the Republic of the Congo to update its deforestation estimates for the period 2014–2016. This map and methodology will enable the country to improve its FRELs and submit an updated version to UNFCCC in 2020.

REDD+ IMPLEMENTATION

The UN-REDD Programme supported the Republic of the Congo in revising its REDD+ Investment Plan, which has been reviewed thoroughly by potential donors, including CAFI and the Forest Investment Program (FIP). The programme ensured that the Investment Plan aligned with the country’s achievements on MRV and included the progress made on issues including climate-smart agriculture and sustainable forest management. It also supported the preparation of a GCF proposal, due for submission in 2019, which aims to secure financing for the REDD+ Investment Plan and focuses on reducing pressure on forests from small-scale agriculture and fuelwood collection.

CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS

Changes in the country’s REDD+ coordination unit and uncertainty over its future funding resulted in ongoing delays in the national validation and approval of UN-REDD Programme products in 2018. The UN-REDD Programme, alongside the World Bank and CAFI, have initiated discussions with the Government to assess potential sources of national and international funding for REDD+. The programme has also been strengthening the capacity of the country’s forest monitoring agency, CNIAF, so that it can take more ownership of the UN-REDD Programme products.

GENDER AND SOCIAL INCLUSION

The UN-REDD Programme in the Republic of the Congo actively encourages the involvement of the female experts present in the country’s REDD+ coordination unit and the CNIAF, including two female lead experts (out of 10 people in total) who are regularly encouraged to take on leadership roles in planning and technical work. The programme works closely with female experts from the REDD+ coordination unit, notably on the UN-REDD Programme annual planning, but also to implement work in the areas of safeguards, governance and gender.

The Republic of the Congo’s REDD+ Investment Plan integrates a gender approach, with a minimum quota of 30 per cent women in the coordination of its implementation and in women-specific agricultural development projects, and financial arrangements will be developed to provide women with direct access to material and financial support.

The programme has increased efforts to collect data disaggregated by sex from consultations and training events. Notably, there has been an increase in female participation at consultation events, but slower improvements at events aimed at government officials in the fields of forestry and agriculture.

Representatives of CSOs and indigenous people on REDD+ in the Republic of the Congo are organized under the Consultation Framework for Congolese Civil Society and Indigenous Peoples (CACO-REDD), which is key to the REDD+ process in the country. CACO-REDD members are invited to and consulted during the kick-off meetings and consultations on UN-REDD Programme activities. However, most of the work supported by UN-REDD in 2018 was at the institutional level, resulting in limited direct engagement with indigenous peoples, who are mostly located in one remote region of the country.

PARTNERSHIPS

REDD+ partners in the Republic of the Congo are well-coordinated, thanks to the long-established coordination between the UN-REDD Programme, the FCPF, Agence Française de Développement (AFD), CAFI and the European Forest Institute EU REDD Facility. In-person coordination meetings are regularly held among partners during missions, or alternatively through videoconferencing, as is often the case with CAFI. The number of joint projects between partners is testament to these partnerships. For example, the FCPF Emissions Reduction Programme, which builds on collaboration among the World Bank, AFD and the UN-REDD Programme. The FCPF Readiness Fund and the UN-REDD Programme have developed joint workplans over the years in support of REDD+ coordination.

LINKAGES TO SDGS

The UN-REDD Programme supports the Republic of the Congo in achieving SDG 13 (Climate action). In 2018, the programme improved the country’s capacities for forest-emission monitoring and greatly improved its reporting data set. This will enable the country to submit its first BUR by 2020, which will include a technical annex of REDD+ results.

(Update Annual Report 2018)

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Forestry Officer, Food and Agriculture Organizaton of the United Nations (FAO)
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Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 1,027,854
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 12.09.2012
Date of Approval 18.10.2012
Implementation Period (Months) 17
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 90,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
UNDP
 
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: CN REDD

Description: 

 

  1. National Coordination of REDD+ Team enhanced aiming to identify areas of legal reforms for REDD+ implementation.
  2. Corruption risks in the REDD+ process reduced.
  3. Gender dimensions and equity assessed and issues identified within the strategic options for REDD+ of potential options for equitable and transparent benefit distribution.

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 06.06.2014
Date of Approval 24.07.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 512,500
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministère de l’Environnement et du Développement Durable (MEDD)

Description: 

 

  1. Maintenance of current satellite monitoring team based at DIAF and running of the monitoring laboratory ensured.
  2. The web platform hosting the SNSF operationalized.
  3. The 1990 forest mask completed and change statistics produced.
  4. The pre-NFI completed and results analyzed and published.
  5. Existing information on biomass and carbon stocks collected, analyzed and published, and staff capacity enhanced on analysis[1].
  6. Enhanced capacity on NAI software.
  7. Enhanced capacity on GHG-I methodologies data archiving and institutional arrangements.
  8. Relevant MRV data collected and quality controlled for the purpose of the GHG-I.

 


[1] This also includes support on data sharing provided under the legal preparedness output (Output 2.3).

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 21.11.2014
Date of Approval 26.12.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 90,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNEP
 
Safeguards and Multiple Benefits
Green Economy and Private Sector

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: National REDD+ Coordination (CN-REDD), Ministry of Environment, Nature Conservation and Tourism

Description: 

 

1.    T21* report findings validated.

2.     The analytical work validated on multiple benefits of REDD+ and conclusion on the integration with the NFMS and SIS.

3.    National REDD+ standards revised and validated.

4.    Pillars of the national safeguards information system (SIS) identified;

5.    DRC safeguards approach presented at COP21.

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
4  
Date of Request 23.05.2015
Date of Approval 17.07.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 7
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 335,354
Amount Approved US$ 335,354
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development

Description: 

Construct, develop and submit new FRELs of the DRC to UNFCCC at CoP 21 in Paris, December 2015:

1. Clarify the definition of forest.

2. Determine the regions and areas to be covered in the FREL.

3. Identify activities related to deforestation and historical deforestation rate due to those activities.

4. Centralize and harmonize the data on activities and best emission factors.

5. Study the historic emission factors and establish possible trends.

6. Develop an adjustment plan taking into consideration the anticipated population growth and planned land development.

  1. 1.   Définition de la forêt : clarifier certains éléments de la définition, notamment l’usage des terres et la catégorisation des plantations pérennes.
  2. 2.   Echelle : Déterminer les régions (provinces, territoires, biomes) qui feront partie du NERF,  en fonction de certains critères de sélection techniques et institutionnels
  3. 3.   Portée : a) Inclure les activités liées à la Déforestations.  b) Soumettre une estimation  des émissions historiques conservatrice des activités liées à la dégradation de la forêt.
  4. 4.   Données: Centraliser et harmoniser les données  d’activités et de  Facteurs d’émissions disponibles.
  5. 5.   Approche de construction: étudier les émissions historiques et établir les tendances possibles
  6. 6.   Ajustement: Développer un ajustement incluant certains facteurs notamment la croissance démographique anticipée, l’accessibilité et les plans de développement du territoire