Ecuador

Country Area : 256,369 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 12,547

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Targeted support

FCPF Member : No

Active FCPF Grant Holder: No

Readiness Grant Holder: No

Carbon Fund: No

PROGRESS AGAINST THE WARSAW FRAMEWORK NS/AP:

Ecuador has completed all the requirements of the Warsaw Framework for REDD+ and is participating in the RBP pilot programme launched by the GCF for the 4,831,679 tCO2 of results achieved during 2014. UN-REDD provided technical support for elaborating the RBP concept note and funding proposal.

Forest Reference Emission Level / Forest Reference Level (FREL/FRL): Through Component 4 of PROAmazonía (the joint Green Climate Fund/Global Environment Facility (GCF/ GEF) programme implemented by UNDP), and with UN-REDD support, a second FREL is scheduled to be presented to UNFCCC for the second half of 2019. Similarly, the second REDD+ technical annex is being updated and will be presented with the BUR in the second half of 2020.

National Forest Monitoring Systems (NFMS): UN-REDD is supporting the Ministry of Environment in the implementation of processing chains and in deforestation and forest degradation issues, to determine activity data using the SEPAL tool. In doing so, Ecuador will be the first country to implement this platform in its NFMS, which has fostered new alliances with institutions such as the KfW development bank.

Safeguard Information System (SIS): With the support of UN-REDD, Ecuador is currently working on automating the processes needed for implementing the system that provides information on how the safeguards have been addressed and respected. The REDD+ web portal, which hosts the SIS, is publicly available at the domain http://reddecuador.com.

A road map for a second SOI on how safeguards have been addressed and respected during the 2016–2018 period was developed during 2018.

REDD+ IMPLEMENTATION

With UN-REDD support, the country was able to transition successfully to the REDD+ implementation phase and access different finance sources such the GEF, the GCF and the REDD Early Movers programme. PROAmazonía was launched in 2017 and is the first programme to focus on implementing the National REDD+ Action Plan. A description of PROAmazonía can be found here (in Spanish): https://ecuador.corresponsables.com/actualidad/presentan-proamazonia-bosques.

CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS

Implementing a National REDD+ Action Plan presents a very significant challenge and change of scale when compared with the various processes that took place during the REDD+ readiness process, which were relatively technical and theoretical. The action plan, which includes PAMs to be implemented in forested and agricultural areas and on degraded land, by many different actors and institutions, aims to address all direct and indirect drivers of deforestation. Now, the Ministry of Environment, in conjunction with the Ministries of Agriculture and Finance, the National Secretariat for Planning and Development, the decentralized authorities, the Central Bank of Ecuador, the private sector (including those who produce, trade, finance and consume agricultural and forest-related commodities), indigenous organizations and academia must implement the actions prioritized in the National REDD+ Action Plan in a coordinated manner. Through the provision of technical advice, UN-REDD adds significant value in supporting these coordination processes and the adequate implementation of this action plan. 

GENDER

In 2018, PROAmazonía developed its Gender and Interculturality Strategy to address the imbalance in the relationships between men and women that determine or condition gender inequalities and gaps, and to create opportunities for effective participation or decision-making. This strategy aims to ensure that gender interventions promote the full participation of women and men. A proposal for mainstreaming the gender approach within PROAmazonía was developed with the support of United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women).

SOCIAL INCLUSION

With the support of PROAmazonía, an agreement between the Ministry of Environment, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Confederation of Indigenous Peoples from the Ecuadorian Amazon (CONFENIAE) was approved in 2018, prioritizing activities from the REDD+ Action Plan that will be implemented using results-based payments from 2014.

PARTNERSHIPS

The PROAmazonía programme engaged in a technical assistance partnership with FAO to mobilize UN-REDD expertise on REDD+ operational systems that need completion, namely, NFMS, FREL and community monitoring.

LINKAGES TO SDGS

The REDD+ implementation and RBP activities previously described are specifically aligned with the following SDG commitments: SDG 1 – No poverty, SDG 13 – Climate action, SDG 15 – Life on land, and SDG 17 – Partnerships for the goals.

(Update Annual Report 2018)

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Country Focal Points

Find up-to-date contact information for all UN-REDD Programme Country Focal Points here.

 

Key Contacts

Technical assistant for the coordination of the UN-REDD programme Paraguay
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Consultant REDD, United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) (PNUMA) (PNUE)
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Regional Technical Advisor (REDD), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)

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Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 1,499,100
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 20.08.2014
Date of Approval 08.09.2014
Implementation Period (Months) 12
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 225,800
Amount Approved US$ 225,800
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Mininstry of Environment through the Undersecretariat of Climate Change.

Description: 

  1. M&MRV process for emission reductions developed and implemented  in consistence with the Forest Reference Emission Level (currently under development) and the GHG Inventories.
  2. GHG Inventory system established.

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 24.11.2014
Date of Approval 14.01.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 17
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 528,200
Amount Approved US$ 528,200
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
UNDP
 
Governance
Stakeholder Engagement
Safeguards and Multiple Benefits

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment through the Under Secretariat of Climate Change

Description: 

TS2:

R1. REDD+ Action Plan developed and its implementation started.

 R2. Political, legal, institutional and financial framework for the implementation of the National REDD+ Strategy and its action plan established and strengthened.

R3. SIS developed and information developed.

 

 TS3 (activities linked with TS2) :


(See TS2, R1). Implementation mechanisms designed and validated for the Action Plan of the REDD + strategy.
- At least one MyA prioritized for strategic option 'increase value in the forest designed.
- At least a prioritized MyA for strategic 'Transition to sustainable systems option designed.


(See TS2, R2).  Implementation of a financial architecture to implement the Action Plan REDD +activities:
- Implementation of the strategy of financing REDD +
- Proposal for supplementary financing mechanisms (including finance and investment opportunities and / or co-financing.

 

 

 

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 24.04.2015
Date of Approval 10.06.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 14
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 150,000
Amount Approved US$ 150,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNEP
 
Green Economy and Private Sector

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment / Ministerio del Ambiente

Description: 

 

TS3 (activities linked with TS2) :


(See TS2, R1). Implementation mechanisms designed and validated for the Action Plan of the REDD + strategy.
- At least one MyA prioritized for strategic option 'increase value in the forest designed.
- At least a prioritized MyA for strategic 'Transition to sustainable systems option designed.


(See TS2, R2).  Implementation of a financial architecture to implement the Action Plan REDD +activities:
- Implementation of the strategy of financing REDD +
- Proposal for supplementary financing mechanisms (including finance and investment opportunities and / or co-financing.


#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
4  
Date of Request 02.07.2015
Date of Approval 27.07.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 14
Status Under Implementation
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 595,100
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
MRV and Monitoring

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministry of Environment

Description: 

 

Support to NFMS for the measurement, monitoring and reporting of emission reductions achieved through REDD+ activities.

1. The National Monitoring and MRV processes for REDD+ implemented.

2. Monitoring protocols to identify the performance of measures and local actions (under the National REDD+ Action Plan), designed and implemented.

Support to the GHG Inventory System for the agriculture and LULUCF sections design and implementation.

1. The 2010 GHG inventory developed and GHG inventories of previous years for the agriculture and LULUCF sectors updated. A software tool for the GHG inventories system (agriculture and LULUCF sectors) designed and implemented.