Honduras

Country Area : 112,492 km2

Forested Area (1000 ha) : 4,592

UN-REDD Programme Partner Country : Yes

Type of UN-REDD Programme Support Received : National Programme, Targeted support, Support to country needs assessment (CNA)

FCPF Member : Yes

Active FCPF Grant Holder: Yes

Readiness Grant Holder: Yes

Carbon Fund: No

PROGRESS AGAINST THE WARSAW FRAMEWORK

National REDD+ Strategy/Action Plan (NS/AP): In 2018, Honduras completed analysis on the drivers of deforestation and forest degradation and on land tenure. In addition, the National Programme for Recovering Degraded Ecosystem Goods and Services was finalized as part of the National REDD+ Strategy. The programme, formalized by decree and approved under Ministerial Agreement 1030-2018, was officially published in La Gaceta in June 2018. Honduras took significant steps towards assessing the potential non-carbon benefits of REDD+ implementation. A preliminary report maps the areas offering greater potential for non-carbon benefits as well as areas that may be more vulnerable to the main deforestation and forest degradation drivers in the country.

Forest Reference Emissions Level (FREL): To improve FREL estimates, progress has been made in clarifying the definitions for the remaining four REDD+ activities (forest degradation, sustainable forest management, enhancement and conservation of forest carbon stocks) in coordination with the technical team of the National Institute of Forest Conservation and Development, Protected Areas and Wildlife (ICF). Tests have been carried out to estimate activity data, by integrating spatial information with the NFI’s field data in the Google Earth Engine platform to further reach a methodological consensus.

National Forest Monitoring Systems (NFMS): The ICF signed a ministerial agreement to institutionalize the NFMS, making it the official reporting platform for generating data for informed decision-making in the forestry sector. An improvement plan developed for ICF officials for the management, administration and use of the NFMS platform will be implemented in 2019.

Safeguard Information System (SIS): Honduras made important advances towards meeting UNFCCC requirements on safeguards, including the development of an initial proposal for SIS design, as well as a draft summary of safeguards information. An additional safeguard, ‘the Cultural Safeguard’, was developed through a participatory process. The National Committee for Environmental and Social Safeguards of Honduras (CONASASH) has also been established.

REDD+ IMPLEMENTATION

Although Honduras is not receiving UN-REDD technical assistance for REDD+ implementation, through its National REDD+ Strategy (supported by the FCPF), the country is developing an implementation plan and a financial strategy to fund REDD+ implementation through the GCF or another financial entity. Moreover, the REDD+ national team actively participated in the negotiation process that concluded with the Voluntary Partnership Agreement (VPA)-FLEGT between Honduras and the European Union, to obtain support for good governance in the forest sector. To comply with the commitments, an inter-institutional memorandum of understanding was signed between MiAmbiente and the ICF to strengthen cooperation for the implementation of the VPA-FLEGT and REDD+.

CHALLENGES AND SOLUTIONS

There were substantial changes in both the technical and coordination teams due to the political crisis in 2017; however, a successful transition was achieved thanks to the documentation and systematization of the project. Concerns from groups representing indigenous peoples and Afro-Honduran peoples have been addressed through a series of dialogues, meetings and training sessions to learn about and participate in the project’s actions.

GENDER AND SOCIAL INCLUSION

Diagnoses and consultations on mainstreaming gender into the various elements of the REDD+ pillars have been carried out and guidelines developed. The national technical team, with support from UN-REDD, updated the stakeholder involvement plan. Workshops were held to inform and gather input from indigenous and Afro-Honduran women and local communities on the studies of deforestation drivers and land tenure, which has strengthened and reaffirmed positions on their conditions to guarantee full and effective participation. The REDD+ process has also supported the elaboration of MiAmbiente’s Institutional Gender Strategy, which was validated and launched in October 2018.

Effective participation of relevant stakeholders was achieved through the organization of 29 events (meetings, forums, training sessions, workshops), which saw the participation of 896 persons representing indigenous and Afro-Honduran peoples and other relevant stakeholders – of whom 47 per cent were women and 53 per cent men. Nineteen informative notes have been published on social media, as well as via television, radio and print media as a result of the events and/or activities supported by the project. As for transparency and access to information on REDD+ readiness, all documents from the process are being published on the website: http://www.ocphn.org/v1/reddhonduras/. A blog was also created to share the vision and events of the REDD+ process. During the reporting period there have been 2,269 visits to the website. 

PARTNERSHIPS

The UN-REDD national programme is implemented in coordination with the FCPF project, where UNDP acts as the delivery partner. Synergies have been established between the results and products of both projects in order to ensure complementary efforts and to strengthen actions.

LINKAGES TO SDGS

The national programme is directly related to SDG 13 (Climate action). SDG 1 (No poverty) and SDG 15 (Life on land) are intrinsic to the National REDD+ Strategy, which prioritizes actions that bring co-benefits beyond mitigating climate change, such as biodiversity conservation and poverty alleviation. The institutionalization of the NFMS within the ICF also contributes to SDG target 15.9. Furthermore, the project is actively working to ensure the full and effective participation of women, as well as defining actions that are gender-sensitive, thus aligning with SDG 5 (Gender equality).

(Update Annual Report 2018)

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2019
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Country Focal Points

Find up-to-date contact information for all UN-REDD Programme Country Focal Points here.

 

Key Contacts

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REDD Programme Officer, UNEP/DEPI
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Regional Technical Advisor, Food and Agriculture Organizaton of the United Nations (FAO)
Regional Technical Advisor, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) (PNUD)

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ocphn.org/v1/reddhonduras

Community Groups

Total Approved Targeted Support Amount (US$) 70,000
#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
1  
Date of Request 21.08.2013
Date of Approval 18.09.2013
Implementation Period (Months) 4
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 25,000
Amount Approved US$ 25,000
UN Agency Providing Support
FAO
 
Governance

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Forest Conservation Institute (ICF).

Description: 

 

  1. Legal framework established within the Forest Law on Protected Areas and Wildlife context where the REDD+ project implementation policy and other trade-off mechanisms can be defined
  2. Capacity built on International law.
  3. REDD+ Sub-Committee established.

 

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
2  
Date of Request 17.10.2013
Date of Approval 05.12.2013
Implementation Period (Months) 6
Status Completed
 
Amount Requested US$ 45,000
Amount Approved US$ 45,000
UN Agency Providing Support
UNDP
 
Stakeholder Engagement

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: Ministryof Natural Resources and Environment (SERNA)

Description: 


  1. A review undertaken of viability of existing grievance mechanisms for use in REDD activities, with recommendations for provisional grievance and compensation mechanisms required for the implementation of R-PP.

  2. Capacity necessary to initiate the process of developing a grievance mechanism built for proper implementation of REDD

 3. Capacity built on GRM.  

#   Timeline   Financial Information   Work Area (SNA Outcome)
3  
Date of Request 10.02.2015
Date of Approval 15.04.2015
Implementation Period (Months) 1
Status
 
Amount Requested US$ 0
Amount Approved US$ 0
UN Agency Providing Support
 

Timeline: 

Lead National Institution: 

Description: 

The objective of the support is to keep strengthening the synergies between EU FAO FLEGT programme initiatives and those related to the UN-REDD Programme, as well as ensure that stakeholders and key institutions integrate their efforts and reinforce links between their
regular activities. In addition, the objective is to identify capacity needs, in particular among institutions, and ensure that targeted training is provided. The request was REJECTED. The country has a recently approved NP.